- Posted September 6, 2013 by
Eid ul-Fitr in Iran
___________________ By Masoud Karian, I.R.I.B. ___________________
. The conclusion of the holy month of Ramadan culminates in the celebration of Eid ul-Fitr, which is one of the main Muslim holidays.
By observance of the new moon, Muslims all over the world mark the end of the fasting period through a celebratory feast named Eid ul-Fitr otherwise known as Eid-e-Fetr among Iranians.
Iran has declared Friday, August 9, as Eid al-Fitr since the moon crescent which marks the beginning of the new month could not be sighted in the country by Thursday.
Under the Islamic law, the old month’s end is declared only after the new moon crescent is sighted.
Iranian people have turned out en masse across the nation for communal prayers shortly after sunrise on Friday. The Eid ul-Fitr prayers in Tehran are led by the Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, followed by two sermons.
Muslims fast from dawn to dusk during Ramadan, refraining from eating, drinking, smoking, and indulging in anything that is in excess or ill-natured.
For Muslims, it not only signals the breaking of the fast, but also signifies the attainment of religious virtue, characterized by sacrifice, self-discipline and acts of charity.
On the day of the celebration, a typical Muslim family gets up very early and attends special prayers held only for the occasion in big mosques, large open areas, stadiums or arenas where thousands of people can gather.
Although, it is an opportunity to come together as a community and to renew friendship and family ties. This is a time for peace for all Muslims in the world to devote to prayers and mutual well-being.
Muslims believe Ramadan is a holy month when God Almighty showers humankind with his blessings. They also believe it was in Ramadan when the first verses of the Holy Qur'an were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). On Eid ul-Fitr, Muslims are encouraged to be especially generous and forgiving.
The auspicious holiday commonly begins with communal prayers at major mosques or other prayer sites after a predetermined amount of money is set aside as alms. Muslims mark the rest of the day by wearing new or neat clothes and joining family members, relatives and friends to eat and have a good time together.
There are an estimated 1.6 billion Muslims around the world, making up the majority in 49 countries.
________________________ Tehran, I.R.I.B. ________________________