- Posted September 10, 2013 by
In Western Asia officially mentioned “Syrian Arab Republic’’ has Israel in the southwest, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea in the West, Turkey in the north, Iraq in the east, Jordan in the south.
Syria has Land area: 71,062 sq mi (184,051 sq km); total area: 71,498 sq mi (185,180 sq km)
Population (2012 est.): 22,530,746 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 23.52/1000; infant mortality rate: 15.12/1000; life expectancy: 74.92; density per sq mi: 306.5
Capital (2011 est.): Damascus, 5 million (metro. area), 1,711,000
Largest cities: Aleppo, 2,132,100; Homs, 652,609; Latakia, 383,786; Hama, 312,994
Monetary unit: Syrian pound. This is the shortest introduction of Syria. Actually more then it we will know about Syria in different prospectuses. To understand Oldest Syria, Old Syria and there effects on novel Syria on earth after 1946, and in future after 3014 I would like to start from Islamic Era because of short run of time otherwise, The oldest remains found in Syria date from the Paleolithic era (800,000 BC) Political & ruling Life was the part of this piece of Land 3000+ years BC.
Syria was occupied successively by Sumerians, Egyptians, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Canaanites and Phoenicians, Arameans, Neo-Assyrian Empire, Persians, Alexander the Great,
Bible say’s (Acts 9:1–43
Its mean Syria is significant in the history of Christianity; Paul the Apostle was converted on the Road to Damascus and emerged as a significant figure in the Christian Church at Antioch, from where he set off on many of his missionary journeys; but we will discus it latter.
Muslim Arabs In 634-640, conquered Syria, Christianity was the largest religion in Syria but due to denomination Syria was divided into four districts: Damascus, Homs, Palestine and Jordan. The Islamic empire expanded rapidly and at its height stretched from Spain to India and parts of Central Asia; thus Syria prospered economically and Islam too. Syria was then in turmoil as a battleground between the Hamdanids, Byzantines and Damascus-based Fatimid’s. The Byzantines had conquered all of Syria by 996, then Syria was conquered by the Seljuk Turks (1084-1086).After that Saladin, Egyptian, Shia extremists known as Assassins (Hassassin) and in 1260 the Mongols ruled Syria.
Now it’s the time when Persians+ Shia’s vs Arab war began again with very aggressive moves and remains time by time keep on increasing or decreasing.
Timur Lenk & companions were the last one’s in 14-15 century who influenced Syria. After that Ottoman Era started. Sultan Selim I conquered Syria in 1516 and ruled till 1918 partially; the territory of Greater Syria in the final period of Ottoman rule included modern Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Palestinian Authority, Gaza Strip and parts of Turkey and Iraq.
During World War 1s French diplomat François Georges-Picot and British diplomat Mark Sykes) secretly agreed on the post war division of the Ottoman Empire into respective zones of influence in the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916. In October 1918, Arab and British troops advanced into Syria and captured Damascus and Aleppo. In line with the Sykes-Picot agreement, Syria became a League of Nations mandate under French control in 1920.
Then Emir Faisal I of the Hashemite dynasty became ruler of Syria who was king of Iraq in 1920.Yet his rule in Syria ended after few months, because of a clash between his Syrian Arab forces and French forces at the Battle of Maysalun. French troops took control of Syria and forced Faisal to flee. It’s again Clash point of Arabs vs French, While Iran vs Iraq.
After San Remo conference Syria was divided into three autonomous regions by the French, but in 1925 Sultan al-Atrash led the movement against French. The French sentenced Sultan al-Atrash to death, but he had escaped with the rebels to Transjordan. But Elections were held in 1928 for a constituent assembly, which drafted a constitution for Syria. However, the French High Commissioner rejected the proposals. Syria and France negotiated a treaty of independence in September 1936. France agreed to Syrian independence in principle although maintained French military and economic dominance. Hashim al-Atassi, who had been Prime Minister under King Faisal's brief reign, and Sultan al-Atrash was eventually pardoned. He returned to Syria in 1937 and was met with a huge public reception. Syrians came in control of Vichy France then in 1941, Syria proclaimed its independence again in 1941, but it was not until 1 January 1944 that it was recognized as an independent republic. Finally Syria became independent on April 17, 1946