- Posted September 29, 2013 by
This iReport is part of an assignment:
The written word: Your personal essays
Pakistan Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow.
In 1948, Jinnah died, and a major problem of religious minorities flared during late 1949 and early 1950, as the main stream religious political parties began to flex their muscles especially in West Pakistan.
In East Pakistan however the Bengali language movement reached its peak in early parts of 1952, when the police and soldiers opened fire on students near the Dhaka Medical College protesting for Bengali to receive equal status with Urdu. Several protesters were killed, and the movement gained further support throughout East Pakistan. Later, the Government agreed to provide equal status to Bengali as a state language of Pakistan, a right that later codified in the 1956 constitution of Pakistan.
In 1965 India – Pakistan witnessed a war in which India clearly took a hit and was defeated. However the than Pakistan Army chief Ayub Khan blamed Bhutto (political leader and head of a political party) for starting the conflict, while the Armed forces had no choice and became increasingly involved in the war unwillingly.
In 1971 India – Pakistan had another war in which Indian armed forces bounced back and took over East Pakistan which later was declared as an independent country to be called Bangladesh. That war was a total disaster, as history proved this point later that East Pakistan was never or seldom given fair treatment and respect from West Pakistan. Thus the than military government collapsed and General Yahya Khan's lost the control over the country. People in West Pakistan weren't mentally prepared for such setback so spontaneous demonstrations and mass protests erupted on the streets of major cities in West Pakistan. Demoralized and shattered, General Khan handed over the control of the country to Bhutto and Mr Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who became the first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator and first civilian Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Armed Forces. The 1971 war with India has left deep scars on Pakistan's civil society. It was and is a mental and psychological setback that came from a defeat at the hands of intense rival India. As a result of this war, Pakistan lost half its population, significant portion of its economy and its geo-political role in South Asia. The economic influence in South Asia was lost by Pakistan. The military establishment feared that the two-nation theory was disproved and that the Islamic ideology, introduced by conservatives Islamists, had proved insufficient to keep Bengalis part of Pakistan. In later years Prime Minister Bhutto pretty much ran his often corrupt regime the way he so desired till he was toppled by Army in mid 1977 and Pakistan saw yet another martial law (military rule) headed by General Zia-ul-Haq.
This military regime was the worst dictatorship Pakistan ever witnessed (till date). Unreasoned laws were passed and imposed all in the name of religion (Islam). After the death of this dictator democracy returned but all governments were tainted with corruption and scandals yet again. So they got dismissed one way or the other till another martial law was imposed, headed by General Pervez Musharraf (who is now under custody and awaiting trial).
Just to put the record straight today Pakistan has a democratically elected parliament and government and for the first time in the history democratic transition of power has been conducted (after 2013 general elections) without intervention from the Armed forces of Pakistan.
In today’s Pakistan corruption is at its peak and there is no rule of law, security agencies and government or semi government establishments of the country hardly have any credibility value especially amongst international forums and communities.
Pakistan a country with enormous resources and highly skilled craftsmanship has landed in wrong, mismanaged hands. How long this confused state of affairs exists beats me, but the sooner it passes the better for all. As day to day hard working masses lead a very uncertain life and see (almost) no end to their ever increasing miseries.
What Pakistan has needed all along and needs even more today is a strong leadership (which can’t be seen coming from any current political party). The only hope and confidence is the youth of Pakistan, which does tend to have a progressive mind frame. So till the time new leadership emerges, no new change should/could be expected, as to begin with Pakistani’s first need to admit their past mistakes and try their best to rectify them and lead by example only than one can hope, of some light at the end of this very dark and often gloomy tunnel.
From the hearts of our hearts we all wish and pray for peace and prosperity in Pakistan and of Pakistan. Ameen
Pakistan Zindabad (Long live Pakistan)
Write-up Akbar Warris 416-371-9849.