- Posted October 17, 2013 by
Watertown, New York
This iReport is part of an assignment:
- Congress, Get Off the U.S. Post Office's Back! Small Business Needs Them
- Obamacare, U.S. Foreign Policy, Immigration and Our Economy- Journalism’s First Responsibility Is To Tell UsThe Truth
- Labor's "Surrender Monkeys"-23,000 People Have Applied For 600 Low-Wage Positions
- Iranian Sanctions Never Hurt Iran's Government; They Hurt Iran's People
- Democrats Hold Our Leadership Accountable, Republicans Don't
"Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media"
This money that's been contributed to the Tea Party candidates has allowed obstructionists to be elected to Congress.
These Teapublicans have one interest- gumming up the works of government and being obstructionists to any meaningful legislation.
Dare we say that their purpose is to lobby against what would be harmful to certain industrial interests that fund their campaigns?
Well, you may find that those opinions are best kept to yourself when any mention of such things may jeopardize the media's ability to gain revenue from industries that are opposed to what would be ultimately beneficial to the workers and citizens of the United States. So why is this allowed?
People need the truth about the dysfunction in Congress.
"Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media (1988), by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky, is an analysis of the news media, arguing that the mass media of the United States "are effective and powerful ideological institutions that carry out a system-supportive propaganda function by reliance on market forces, internalized assumptions, and self-censorship, and without overt coercion".
"The propaganda model is a conceptual model in political economy advanced by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky that states how propaganda, including systemic biases, function in mass media.
The model seeks to explain how populations are manipulated and how consent for economic, social and political policies is "manufactured" in the public mind due to this propaganda.
The theory posits that the way in which news is structured (through advertising, media ownership, government sourcing and others) creates an inherent conflict of interest which acts as propaganda for undemocratic forces."
The theory postulates five general classes of "filters" that determine the type of news that is presented in news media. These five classes are:
1.Ownership of the medium
2.Medium's funding sources
5.Anti-Communism and fear ideology
video: The Manufacturing of Consent
"Editorial distortion is aggravated by the news media’s dependence upon private and governmental news sources. If a given newspaper, television station, magazine, etc., incurs governmental disfavor, it is subtly excluded from access to information.
Consequently, it loses readers or viewers, and ultimately, advertisers. To minimize such financial danger, news media businesses editorially distort their reporting to favor government and corporate policies in order to stay in business.
Herman and Chomsky's "propaganda model" describes five editorially distorting filters applied to news reporting in mass media:
1.Size, Ownership, and Profit Orientation:
The dominant mass-media outlets are large firms which are run for profit.
Therefore they must cater to the financial interest of their owners - often corporations or particular controlling investors.
The size of the firms is a necessary consequence of the capital requirements for the technology to reach a mass audience.
2.The Advertising License to Do Business: Since the majority of the revenue of major media outlets derives from advertising (not from sales or subscriptions), advertisers have acquired a "de-facto licensing authority".
Media outlets are not commercially viable without the support of advertisers. News media must therefore cater to the political prejudices and economic desires of their advertisers.
This has weakened the working-class press, for example, and also helps explain the attrition in the number of newspapers.
3.Sourcing Mass Media News: Herman and Chomsky argue that “the large bureaucracies of the powerful subsidize the mass media, and gain special access [to the news], by their contribution to reducing the media’s costs of acquiring and producing, news.
The large entities that provide this subsidy become 'routine' news sources and have privileged access to the gates.
Non-routine sources must struggle for access, and may be ignored by the arbitrary decision of the gatekeepers.”
4.Flak and the Enforcers: "Flak" refers to negative responses to a media statement or program (e.g. letters, complaints, lawsuits, or legislative actions).
Flak can be expensive to the media, either due to loss of advertising revenue, or due to the costs of legal defense or defense of the media outlet's public image.
Flak can be organized by powerful, private influence groups (e.g. think tanks). The prospect of eliciting flak can be a deterrent to the reporting of certain kinds of facts or opinions.
5.Anti-Communism: This was included as a filter in the original 1988 edition of the book, but Chomsky argues that since the end of the Cold War (1945–91), anticommunism was replaced by the "War on Terror", as the major social control mechanism."
Janet Yellin, Obama's recent nominee for Fed Chairman has pedigree. Her husband is Nobel laureate George Akerlof, the scourge of efficient markets theory.
She co-authored "Market for Lemons", the paper that won the prize.
In contract theory and economics, information asymmetry deals with the study of decisions in transactions where one party has more or better information than the other.
In contrast to neo-classical economics which assumes perfect information, this is about "What We Don't Know".
This creates an imbalance of power in transactions which can sometimes cause the transactions to go awry, a kind of market failure in the worst case.
Examples of this problem are adverse selection, moral hazard, and information monopoly.
Most commonly, information asymmetries are studied in the context of principal–agent problems.
Information asymmetry causes misinforming and is essential in every communication process."
Janet Yellin's husband
"Akerlof's paper uses the market for used cars as an example of the problem of quality uncertainty."
"Political censorship occurs when governments hold back information from their citizens. This is often done to exert control over the populace and prevent free expression that might foment rebellion.
Religious censorship is the means by which any material considered objectionable by a certain faith is removed.
This often involves a dominant religion forcing limitations on less prevalent ones.
Alternatively, one religion may shun the works of another when they believe the content is not appropriate for their faith.
Corporate censorship is the process by which editors in corporate media outlets intervene to disrupt the publishing of information that portrays their business or business partners in a negative light, or intervene to prevent alternate offers from reaching public exposure."
The problems we have in the United States begins with the lack of truth, the whole truth in our media.
When decisions to censor certain stories that may threaten the profitability of that news source, take precedent over the responsibility of that agency to provide accurate information to the public to better inform voters about important issues, it begs the question:
"Whose interests are being served?"
Media fears the Kochs and loss of revenue