- Posted October 18, 2013 by
Reggio Emilia, Italy
This iReport is part of an assignment:
Impact Your World
- Happy Birthday Albert Camus. 100th anniversary of the writer's birth.
- Aung San Suu Kyi : " please use your liberty to promote ours." A short dialogue with the Nobel Peace Prize.
- Aung San Suu Kyi visit to Parma,
- The Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi will be in Parma on octber 31, 2013.
- The writer Abdelwahab Meddeb received the award of the Senate of the Italian Republic.
Questions on our contemporary age. Why almost 29 million people worldwide live as slaves?
Each year, Walk Free's Global Slavery Index produce the most detailed global picture of the numbers of enslaved people available. The Index identifies the factors that shed light on the risk of modern slavery in each country and examines the strength of government responses in tackling this issue.
The Global Slavery Index is the product of the Walk Free Foundation, in consultation with experts from international organizations, think tanks and academic institutions. The Global Slavery Index provides a ranking of 162 countries, reflecting a combined measure of three factors: estimated prevalence of modern slavery by population, a measure of child marriage, and a measure of human trafficking in and out of a country. The measure is
heavily weighted to reflect the first factor, prevalence. A number one ranking is the worst, 160 is the best.
What is modern slavery ? In 2013, modern slavery takes many forms, and is known by many names: slavery, forced labour or human trafficking."Slavery" refers to the condition of treating another person as if they were property – something to be bought, sold, traded or even destroyed. "Forced labour" is a related but not identical concept, referring to work taken without consent, by threats or coercion. "Human trafficking" is another related concept, referring to the process through which people are brought, through deception, threats or coercion, into slavery, forced labour or other forms of severe exploitation.
Whatever term is used, the significant characteristic of all forms of modern slavery is that it involves one person depriving another people of their freedom: their freedom to leave one job for another, their freedom to leave one workplace for another, their freedom to control their own body.
According to the statistics of 2013, over 29 million people are living in this conditions. The prevalence of modern slavery is highest in Mauritania, Haiti, Pakistan, India, Moldova,Benin, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia and Gabon. However, when considered in absolute terms, the countries with the highest numbers of enslaved people are India, China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Russia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Taken together,these ten countries account for 76% of the total estimate of 29.8 million enslaved people. The website of Walk Free Foundation to download the index is http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/about/