- Posted December 20, 2013 by
What's behind the protest in Thailand 2013 part 2/3
On the evening of Tuesday September 19, 2006, the Thai military seized control of Bangkok to take over the government of the Kingdom. In the meantime, Thaksin Shinawat was in his mission going abroad for attending a meeting of the United Nation General Assembly in New York, USA. Most of the TRT executive leadership members were also abroad. Several party executives remaining in Thailand were arrested and detained by the junta. The military claimed for the right to protect the country from accused politicians of corruption issues.
Thailand slowed down or nearly paused. The new constitution was written by coup council assigned framers, all staffs were the opposite rivals of the overthrown government. They revised the details of the previous constitution for their advantages preparing for their benefit next election and threatened political party measurements for destroying the politicians if they're against them. For example, 1. the senators selection is 76 persons from election and 74 persons from assignment which the previous method was from the election only. 2. The judicature can intervene in the legislative power of the parliament and the administrative power of government. They can dissolve the political party or dismiss any accused MPs in political fraud cases and the courts were definitely related to a coup council, etc. They cheated people to vote in referendum accepting this bill that was the only way to dismiss the coup government and started an election for a new government and we were able to amend this fake constitution later. All of , related to the coup, organizations gave the promises of the constitutional amendment. Finally, The TRT party was dissolved on May 30, 2007 by the order of the Constitutional Tribunal for violation of election laws. TRT party and its partners,111 members of the party, including former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawat, were barred from participating in politics for a five-year period. He was also accused of corruption cases and his asset was frozen.
On 29 July 2007, some former TRT members agreed to contest the 2007 elections as candidates of the People's Power Party (PPP). This occurred after the TRT Party was dissolved by the Thai Supreme Court on May 30, 2007. It also follows the ban on participating in politics from 111 former TRT party politicians such as former leader Thaksin Shinawat. Former Bangkok governor Smack Soontonwech who later declared himself as the 'nominee' of Thaksin Sinawat, was elected to be People's Power Party leader. The PPP's policies were continuations of the populist social welfare policies of the former TRT government. The PPP has promised to offer amnesty for all banned TRT politicians including Thaksin Shinawat, and to remove any charges against him. Thaksin Shinawat and his family currently face multiple charges of corruption including telecommunications, property and family deals. The Electoral Commission had deployed 200,000 soldiers and police to maintain security and 1,500 officers to watch for election fraud during the
December 23, 2007 general election.
After winning 2007 election, Since the early days of its rule, the PPP party faced protests by opposition groups such as the anti-Thaksin People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) and critics, due to its relation with Thaksin Shinawat and constitutional amendment plans, allegedly aimed at granting amnesty to Thaksin and his former loyalists. PM Smack Soontonwech, 5-month-old government, was in great trouble. Besides being a politician, he was a well-known television chef. For seven years, he had hosted a cooking show on the ITV television network and on Royal Thai Army Radio and Television. He said when he became Prime Minister that he would resume his career as a TV chef and did so, though warned not to. It is illegal for a government minister to hold any other paying job, and on 9 September 2008, the full bench of the Constitutional Court ruled it was unconstitutional for him to work for a private company and therefore disqualified him from office. This case was the controversial issue at that time. He was deprived and Mr. Somchai Wongsawat got in this position instead.
The next imminent situation,“yellow shirt”mob's demonstration, respectively happened. The ominous activists in the name “People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD), claiming for anti-Thaksin systems, had spawned since 2005. They ran the campaigns“AntiThaksin”demonstrations until Thaksin government toppled down by coup in 2006,whereupon they calmed down the activity serenely during the coup's government term. No sooner had the new government of PPP party in charge run the populist social welfare projects than the PAD ignited the storm of protest. Especially in the issue of the constitution amendment. They pressured the government to resign. The protesters
marched and rallied to siege the government house. They occupied and set the government house as the protest site for months. They also closed off the parliament, threatened to harm MP's and clashed with police. Many were injured on both side. They protested with many organizations' supporting. The government was condemned for fending off the Protesters, but any violence or criminal activities that the Yellow shirt mob had done were silently acknowledged. Even the seizure of the International Airport occurrence that the government invoked Royal Thai Army to restore, but the Army refused to help controlling the demonstration. Medias, courts and many organizations, backup by the invisible ruler, blamed the government. Finally, the constitutional court dissolved three parties of the government coalition. The PPP party was accused guilty of electoral fraud of one MP caused PPP party collapsed.
In a December 2008 parliamentary session MPs of five PPP coalition parties decided to endorse Apisit Vetchachewa as the next prime minister and themselves forming a Democrat-led coalition government . The PAD ended all their protests. The new government, led by Mr. Apisit Vetchachewa as the PM, backed up by Military, was in charge of administrating Thailand.
After the last coup in 2006, some people in the name of The United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD), commonly called“Red shirts”,gathered and ran the democratic activities against PM Apisit and the government supported by Thai military. It is a political pressure group opposed to the PAD, supporting the coup, the 2006 Thai military coup and supporters of the coup. The UDD claimed that 'Apisit's government took power 'illegitimately', backed up by the Thai Army and the judiciary. Therefore, the UDD called for the Parliament backed up by Military to be dissolved so that a general re-election could be held and the result of an election should be accepted. They accuses the country's extra-democratic elite, the military, judiciary, and other unelected officials, of undermining democracy by interfering in politics. The UDD is composed of mostly rural masses from Northeast and North Thailand, of urban lower classes from Bangkok and of some intellectuals. The UDD members and supporters increased dramatically from hundreds to thousands, more and more, finally may be millions of people in Thailand.