- Posted December 21, 2013 by
What's behind the protest in Thailand 2013 part 3/3
UDD supporters have been the anti-PADs since the 2006 coup. From then on, clashes between supporters of the two groups took place from time to time. The ensuing clash left several injured and dead on both sides. The UDD was then seen by the public as the main adversary of the PAD.
In March 2009,The UDD protests expanded to Pattaya, the site of the Fourth East Asia Summit. Violent clashes occurred between the UDD and blue-shirted government supporters brought in by coalition partner Newin Chitchop. The protests caused the summit to be cancelled.
On 8 April 2009,100,000 UDD demonstrators, rallied at Government House and the nearby Royal Plaza by the evening. The government decided to declare the State of Emergency in Bangkok and surrounding areas, and military forces were brought into the capital. Fighting erupted between anti-government protesters, government supporters, and the general population. Apisit denounced the UDD protesters as "national enemies" and also issued a red shirt decree that empowered the government to censor television broadcasts.
In the pre-dawn of Monday 13 April 2009, Army soldiers used tear gas and fired live and training rounds to clear protesters from the area near the Victory Monument in central Bangkok, injuring at least 70 people. The UDD claimed that dozens of protesters died from gunshot wounds sustained during the military's attack. However, the Army later claimed that the wounds were not caused by an M-16, the standard Army rifle. Also on Monday the government ordered the red shirt blocking of satellite news station D Station, an affiliate of the UDD which, at the time, was broadcasting the clashes. Several community radio stations were shut down and searched upon suspicion of supporting the UDD. The Prime Minister approved the establishment of the Center for the Administration of Peace and Order (CAPO) to draw up plans and measures to prevent and end any violent incidents that may occur by ill-intentioned groups.
The next year, On 9 March 2010, Apisit claimed to have received intelligence that there was a terrorist threat of sabotage taking place on 14 March. He imposed the Internal Security Act from 11–23 March. A 50,000-strong security force was deployed on Bangkok.
On 27 March, protesters marched to seven locations in Bangkok where Army troops had been stationed in preparation for a crackdown and convinced them to withdraw. There were dozens of bombings in Bangkok during the weeks of the protest, with nobody claiming responsibility and no arrests made.
Apisit declared a state of emergency on the evening of 8 April. Troops barricaded the uplink station for the Thaicom satellite to prevent it from airing People Channel, a popular TV station sympathetic to the UDD. Protesters surrounded the station in the afternoon of 9 April. Tear gas was fired into the crowd, prompting the protesters to storm the station. The troops withdrew to avoid blood shed as the protesters stole over 20 M-16 rifles from the supply depot of the stationed units.
On 10 April, the protests turned violent, when government troops approached the red shirt encampment and fired live ammunition at some protesters. Twenty-five people were killed in the confrontation, with more than 800 people injured.
On 28 April, Thai security forces and anti-government protesters clashed on the outskirts of Bangkok, with troops firing both over and then directly into a crowd of Red Shirts to keep them from expanding their demonstrations.
Jatuporn Prompan, Nattawut Saikua and other Red-Shirt leaders, surrendered themselves to police to prevent further bloodshed during the violent military crackdown on 19 May 2010. The Thai military largely quashed the protesters there. In the aftermath of this attack 27 buildings were set ablaze in Bangkok.
The Pheu Thai Party(PTP), the third incarnation of aThai political party originally founded by former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, was founded on 20 September 2008, as an anticipated replacement for the People's Power Party (PPP). On 3 December 2008, the majority of the former PPP MPs defected to the Pheu Thai Party.
In 2011 general election, Pheu Thai Party contested for the first time since its foundation. On 16 May Thaksin's youngest sister Yingluck Shinawat was nominated as the 1st of PTP's party-list proportional representation and contender of PM Apisit Vetchachewa . One of her main issues in campaign was national reconciliation. The election was expected to be a neck-and-neck between Pheu Thai and the ruling Democrats. Unexpectedly, the PTP party won 265 of 500 seats in the House of Representatives on 3 July. PM Apisit Vetchachewa acknowledged Pheu Thai's success in the election, and congratulated Yingluck Shinawat as Thailand's first female prime minister. Despite its absolute majority, the winning party announced to form a coalition government with five minor parties. On 5 August, Yingluck was elected as the prime minister with 296 votes in favour. The election was approved and Yingluck was formally appointed by the king on 8 August.
Conclusion of the causes of the protests are the game of power between the traditional conservative elite groups and the liberal capitalism groups. One has the military, judiciary, academicians and middle class supporters. The other has the low class, farmers, workers , some scholars and real Democratic activists backing up. This situation always happen if the benefit of the gamers, Military, Elite class capitalists and Politicians, are unbalanced and undue. The protests at present are the offensive strategies of the first one. They accused the government of corruptions and many failed economic policies and claimed for giving back the authorities controlling country to their people, the unelected people's council. They won't stop even though PM dissolved parliament. They won't accept any legislative election unless the rules in the constitution have been revised by their people's council until they definitely assure the process of election helping them to win. The way the demonstration claiming for the right of people in Democratic activities sounds good but the consequence of what they want conflicts with the principles of Democracy in many developing countries. The patterns of protests are familiar to PAD demonstrations, the ally of the traditional conservative elite groups that used to perform, but this time Military seems to be neutral for each side. This political unrest duration may be longer than it should be if the passion is above the reason and the Democratic rule are disobeyed by either the players or judges.