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    Posted December 23, 2013 by
    AyubBukhari
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    Attock, Pakistan
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    Political and Sectarian divides among Muslims and how to remedy this malady?

     
    ii) When it came to Quresh a question arose whether there should be an election or nominations of the Holy Prophet should be followed; because at the farewell pilgrimage the Holy Prophet had nominated Ali to be his successor but last of all he had delegated leadership of prayers to Abu Bakar. Therefore, the choice was limited either Abu Bakr or Ali. Ultimately Abu Bakr was chosen to lead the newly established republic all though Saad Bin Abada kept distance for the rest of his life from the affairs of the republic. Yet Ali continued cooperating with Abu Bakr. However Abu Sufiyan who was a prominent figure at Makah and leader of Ummayads approached Ali saying Abu Bakr belonged to a minor clan and why the progeny of Abdul Munaf accept his command and instigated Ali to rise against this arrangement but Ali replied in harsh words saying that a hypocrite’s persuasion would not prevail upon him.

    Later on during the era of the third Caliph some groups making this election a core dispute started fanning political controversy which subsequently led to manifestation of two rival groups one called Shian-e-Ali and the other Shian-e-Usman. The martyrdom of Hazrat Usman widened the gulf between the two groups and gradually the term Shian-e-Usman faded away and the attribute Shian-e-Ali survived and shortened as Shias. The rest were Sunnis.

    These two groups were bitterly poised against each other at the battle of Jamal which took place between Ummal Momineen Aisha and Ameer Ul Momineen Ali. Though the battle ended in truce yet its lingering effects continued to cause deep impressions in the future.

    Later on, the battle of Siffin between Muawiya and Ali which remained indecisive because of the device of arbitration made identification marks of the fighting groups Muawiya leading the Ummayads and Ali leading the Hashmites the two clans being arch rivals of each other in history of Quresh.



    As a consequence of failure of arbitration a group from Ali's army revolted against him. Though defeated they invented a new creed in Islam and for this reason they were called Kharjites, meaning the rebels who quit the society. These Kharjites did not recognize the rest of the communities. They do not acknowledge the parties at Jamal and Safin to be Muslims. They are ritualistic and orthodox in their piety. By now Shias and Sunnis have been suffering personality cult and the personages mentioned above are held by the respective parties to be immune from any error and they are to be venerated and to be followed without any criticism. This personality cult is equivalent of Carlyl’s Hero Worship. The Scholars tracing Fascism and Nazism to their roots blame hero worship to be the cause. ^ Cumming, Mark : The Carlyle encyclopedia, 2004. ISBN 978-0-8386-3792-0 p. 223. It is a fact that during the Ummayads’ period this personality cult was engrained in the minds of majority of Muslims so deep that they ignoring the erotic and bacchanalian life style of Yazid they believed him to be Ameer ul Momineen and till date if one happens to have a chance to the book stalls at Makah and Madina during the Hajj period he will find free of cost a book entitled " امیر المومنین یزید" .
    It’s irrefutable evidences in Yazid’s taunt to Zainab Binte Ali when he said that he has taken revenge of assassination of Atba, Uteba and Waleed by Hamza, Ali and Ubeada in the battle of Badr at the opening dual of the fight. The victors were Hasmites while the victims were Ummeyads. As Abu Suffiyan father of Mauavia that is his grandfather of Yazid was expected to be crown as king of Makah and advent of the Holy Prophet made his dreams failed. The old rivalry between the tribes were further sharpened . The defeat in battle of Badr suffered by Quresh under the command of Abbu Suffiyan added fire to the hot burning of Ummeyads. Abu Suffiyan’s wife Hind was extremely hostile to the Prophet and his family and in the battle of Auhd. She had desecrated the dead body of Hamza who was brother of the Holy Prophet’s father and was victor in the dual of Badr. She chewed the liver and heart of Hamza and made necklace of his ear, wearing it hand in hand with Wahshi, the assassin of Hamza, Hind boasted of her tribes victory and even after conversion she has shown insolence to the Holy Prophet. These indelible impressions on the minds of Ummeyads against Hashmiats have been surfacing and finding manifestation as and when the climate was conge-nine for them.
    According to sociologists’ man travelled from myth to magic from magic to religion and now from religion to science. The ages of myth and magic are not relevant to our subject, therefore, we can conveniently bypass them. The oldest record of religions available to us is in the Bible and we are directly concerned with two major religions of the Bible i.e. Judaism and Christianity and the latest version of the religions of House of Ibrahim namely Islam. Islam does not claim to be a new faith its claim is that it is in the continuity of the earlier religions rather the source of Islamic faith is the religion of Ibrahim. Of course Judaism and Christianity in spite of clear mention of Prophet of Islam in the Bible do not have the courage or courtesy to admit this fact revealed to the Holy Christ, Moses or other Apostles.
    To continue…..
    This is experience of Muslims that religion has been exploited more as a bone of contention, the contention degenerating into feud and finally as soul of terrorism. This is not only in the contemporary world. Muslims past is no exception to it. In fact Islam which was a binding force has been exploited by the clerics and so called jurists, a means to earn bread. They adopted it as such. The Muslims courts and Government for keeping the community in conflict and confusions needing their services. There is a cry in the Muslims world that 2 states viz. the Saudis and Iran are behind terrorists organizations who produced terrorists, brain washed to kill the co-believers for differences which are neither religious nor political but they erupt from personality cult which cult is worse than idolatry. Therefore, not Islam but personality cult is the cause of this nuisance in the Muslims world. Having anticipated the harm of personality cult which may afflict the Muslims, Ali had given his choice of personalities to be based on انما نعرف الرجال بالحق ولا الحق با لرجال۔" meaning thereby verily we give a recognition to man on the touch stone of Haq (Truth) and we do not make Truth subservient to man. Unfortunately, this formula has not, zealously, been made known to their followers even by those who claim to be adherent of Ali’s School.
    To continue…..

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