- Posted December 24, 2013 by
This iReport is part of an assignment:
Impact Your World
Right to Education-An Act to Make Education Free
India is a country situated in the south of Asia, covering a massive piece of land. It has a population of over 1.2 billion people. The area has been the favorite spot for many conquerors of the world for many years but this country and its inhabitants have shown their potential and resilience every time. Due to their stead fast and victorious nature, they are still standing proud and strong and shining on the face of this earth.
India is blessed with many natural resources. It has an ideal location. It has sea, rivers, mountains and all other natuers’ gifts that are deemed essential by any country. They are geographically located at a very good position and they have good strategic relations with its neighbors. They are on the road to mend and strengthen their terms with long time rivals, Pakistan as well. Apart from all these commendable resources India enjoys, there is one resource that outnumbers every other resource. It is the huge massive population that is residing in India.
India has an edge and advantage over other populated countries. The massively populated giant China has a huge population too but the majority of their population is aging. India has an advantage in this regard because its population mostly comprises of youth and young population is a resource that is not comparable to any other resource. According to statistics, India is home to 19% of the world’s children which gives them an edge over other nations.
Capitalizing the strength:
India strongly realizes this potential and wants to capitalize on it. But huge population brings big problems too. Unfortunately India has the world’s one third illiterate population residing in it. Efforts have been made to elevate the situation but the pace of progress is slow. India has a huge chunk of population that is still living under the poverty line. They do not have sufficient resources. They hardly live from hand to mouth and in the face of such circumstances; they consider education is a luxury, which they cannot afford.
The government of India realized this fact that in order to convert their huge population to their advantage, they need to educate them. Education and skill acquisition is the only weapon to rule and conquer the world. The government is aware of the fact that a huge population is under privileged and they cannot afford education so keeping this in mind, the government took the initiative and passed the “Right to Education Act”.
Right to Education Act:
“The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act” or “Right to Education Act” (RTE) is an Indian legislation which was enacted by the Parliament of India on 4th of August, 2009. It highlights the importance of education and states that education should be made free and compulsory for children between the age of 6 and 14. It came in effect under Article 21a of Indian Constitution. After the passage of this act, India became one of the 135 countries who made education a fundamental right for every child.
Main Provisions of the RTE Act:
1- It states that education every child between the age of six and fourteen must get free education. It should be made compulsory till elementary school.
2- It clearly states that the child or his family would not bear any expense of the school. It would be the responsibility of the state to provide absolutely free elementary education.
3- If a child does not for any reason gets admission in the school at the age of six and he later comes for admission, then it is the responsibility of the school to induct him into a class that is appropriate for his age and also provide him training to catch up for what has been missed.
4- The government would provide funds for the establishment and maintenance of the school in every locality.
5- It prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment to kids. It also disallows teachers to offer private tuition to kids.
In order to carry out this entire process, the government has authorized the National Council of Educational Research and Training as the academic authority. It has the responsibility to develop the curriculum and evaluation process for elementary schools.
This act makes India the first country where government is responsible for ensuring student enrollment, their attendance and completion of elementary school. It is an essential step towards ensuring the accessibility of each child to basic education. They are doing efforts to establish educational system that are as per quality assurance standards of global practices.
Latest Updates in the RTE Act:
RTE Act came into existence because it meant to provide education to the under privileged section of the society so that they can at least attain elementary education. But in order to define under privileged, low income is not the only criteria for judging it. It means that any person claiming him to be poor is not eligible for the Right to Education Quota.
The Chief Educational Officer made it clear that it is clearly stated in the RTE Act that the disadvantaged group includes a child that is orphan or affected by HIV. It also includes kids that belong to the lower castes or if they are transgender. The weaker sections were defined as the families who were earning an annual income lower than 2 Lakhs. It clearly omits the idea that poor income is the only criteria for the RTE Quota to get admission in school.