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    “Birth of the Prophet

    Mawlid (Arabic: ‎ مَولِد النَّبِي mawlidu n-nabiyyi, “Birth of the Prophet”, sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād) is the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which occurs in Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.
    The term Mawlid is also used in some parts of the world, such as Egypt, as a generic term for the birthday celebrations of other historical religious figures such as Sufi saints.
    Before Mawlid became a celebration or observance, people were visiting the birthplace of the prophet since it was transformed into a place of prayer by al-Kayzuran., wife of the caliph al-Mahdi The basic earliest accounts for the observance of Mawlid can be found in 8th-century Mecca, when the house in which Muhammad was born was transformed into a place of prayer by Al-Khayzuran (mother of Harun al-Rashid, the fifth and most famous Abbasid caliph), though public celebrations of the birth of Muhammad did not occur until four centuries after his passing away. The oldest Mawlid text is claimed to be from the 12th century and most likely is of Persian origin.
    The earliest observation of the Prophet's birth as a holy day was arranged privately somewhere in the late twelfth century. The only difference from before was that there was an increased number of visitors to the Mawlid house that was open for the whole day specifically for this celebration. This particular event took place on Monday, 12 Rabi'i,which is commonly known as the third month of the Islamic calendar that is associated with the beginning of Spring. This celebration was introduced into the city Sabta by Abu 'l'Abbas al-Azafi as a way of counteracting Christian festivals and to strengthen Muslim identity. Abu 'l'Abbas's son Abu 'l-Kasim propagated the festival after he seized power in 1250. Implementing these festivities and the celebration of Mawlid as a holy day increased Abu 'l-Kasim's popularity among the people, demonstrating the political role that this holy day played throughout history.

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