- Posted January 26, 2014 by
New York City, New York
- The Threat of Growing Inequalities Conference, United Nation HQ, January 20, 2014, Part 1
- The Threat of Growing Inequalities Conference, United Nation HQ, January 20, 2014 Part 6
- The Threat of Growing Inequalities Conference, United Nation HQ, January 20, 2014 Part 5
- The Threat of Growing Inequalities Conference, United Nation HQ, January 20, 2014 Part 4
- The Threat of Growing Inequalities Conference, United Nation HQ, January 20, 2014 Part 3
Genocide: A Preventable Crime Conference United Nations HQ January 15, 2014 Part 3
A Global Conversation on Understanding Early Warning of Mass Atrocities 20 years after the Genocide against the Tutsi of Rwanda.
Key Note Speech from LGen the Hon. Romeo Dallaire, (Ret’d), Senator (Canada)
General Dallaire in his keynote address summarized the dark events from 20 years ago, starting from the “genocide fax” on January 11, 1994, to April 7, start of the genocide in Rwanda and up to July 19 of the same year, the ending of mass atrocities where over 800,000 Rwandans perished.
General Dallaire speech focused on the early warning signs of impending mass atrocities and the lessons he learned from why they happened.
The first early warning sign is the massive use of youths and children as weapons of war. Before atrocities began in Rwanda, huge number of youths and children were recruited and motivated to do the killing.
The second warning sign is that the people in power refuse, at any cost, to share power with other people of different backgrounds. The thinking is, if they are not around, then we don’t have to share power.
To prevent other mass atrocities from happening again, General Dallaire suggested there has to be an integrated capability in leadership and a different framework of leadership. Conflict prevention equals mass atrocities prevention. Conflict resolution is sometimes too late in preventing mass atrocities from happening often the crime has already been committed. The leadership has to be reactive and responsive. Conflict prevention also means diplomacy with security. There should be a willingness to use force to stop impending atrocities.
He sounded the alarm in today’s in-state war and civil wars happening in central Africa, Mali, Congo and Syria, where there is already hundreds of thousands casualties and millions of refugees.
He encourages “middlepower” countries to rise up together in prevention of atrocities and not wait for superpower nations leaderships. The UN should also strengthen it's regional capabilities.
He ended his speech with the reminder of the hard work up ahead. It requires decades of hard work to fully realize genocide prevention.