- Posted March 18, 2014 by
India Lagging Behind with 20% Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in Higher Education Worldwide
India is a huge country with a massive population of over 1.2 billion people residing in it. They belong from different race, ethnicity, background and religion but they dwell peacefully under a country which strives to provide a better standard of living to its citizens. India is god gifted with immense resources. It has natural resources in abundance. One of the biggest resources which India posses, is the human resource. It has a massive and talented population which could be converted into the biggest resource on earth through education and right platform.
Growing Population and Education in India:
India has embarked on a journey to achieve progress for the nation. It aims to build a better and stronger India for the coming generations which truly stands for modernity and prosperity. For achieving this status, the biggest strength of India has to be utilized and it has to be done through providing them the right platform. This right platform is education. Education is the sole hope for progress and survival and the nation and government understands this fact well. But despite realization, sincere endeavors are not being done by the government to improve the state of education in the country.
Some of the facts about the Indian population are:
· Amongst the 1.2 billion, 44% of the population comprises of children.
· India spends only 3.3% of its GDP on education.
· Due to free and compulsory education Act, enrollment ratio in primary schools is high but very few of these children complete their primary education.
· The dropout rate in primary schools is very high. It is 50% for boys and 58% for girls.
· The situation at secondary level is also not good where 37% of secondary students fail and 11% dropout even before exams.
· The Gross Enrollment Ratio of higher education is very low.
Gross Enrollment Ratio:
Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) or Gross Enrollment Index is the statistical tool used worldwide to gauge the number of students enrolled in school, colleges or universities. It is measured by considering the number of students at all three levels and the number of official population comprising of the children and adults of the appropriate age.
Gross Enrollment Ratio in India:
GER ratio in India across three different levels is:
Primary Level: 92%
Higher education Level: 20%
Secondary Level: 52%
Gross Enrollment Ratio at Higher Education Level:
Higher education board in India has observed an improvement in the enrollment ratio where a growing number of students are being seen as taking active part in higher education. As per the surveys, the enrollment ratio has raised to 20% which is better than the previous figures. The enrollment ratio has not just shown improvements in OBC but also on the SC (Scheduled Castes), where the ratio has improved to 10.2%. In case of Scheduled Castes females, the ratio is a minimum 4.4%.
These figures are calculated by collecting the data from 489 universities and over 11,000 colleges. However, this does not show the full participation of universities and colleges and if full participation from all the colleges and universities around the country were taken into account, the figure for Gross Enrollment Ratio would have been 21.5%.
The figure for GER was 12.4% three years back and within three years the improvement to 20% is considered a good sign by many but it is still not as good as people might think of it.
Low GER as compared to the worldwide Ratios:
Although India has shown improvement in the past decade and the number of institutes and number of students enrolled have improved but it is still not consistent with the global ratios for GER. The average GER ratio worldwide is considered to be 30% and India is lagging behind in it.
India wishes to be the next superpower but it is not being at par with the standards of the nations amongst whom India wishes to stand with. Developed countries worldwide possess higher GER with USA having 34% GER, UK has 59%. Japan has 55% and China 28%.
India needs to bring improvement in the education system and improve the number of institutes considerably by developing more institution with accreditation. It will automatically increase the number of students being enrolled in the education arena, eventually promoting the progress and development of the nation.