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    Posted March 23, 2014 by
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    gunpowder was invented in Assam

    Something on gunpowder in Assam.It is believed that Gunpowder was invented in China but many thinks that it was in Assam where gunpowder was invented.There has been trade between China and Assam in 1st Millenium AD and Assam had certain degree of civilization.

    British traveler and historian J.B. Traveneer states: “It is believed that it is the same people who in ancient times first discovered gun and gunpowder, which passed from Assam to Pegu and Pegu to China. This is the reason why the discovery is generally ascribed to the Chinese”.

    Another British researcher, J.P. Wade says: “The firearms were first made in Assam.” When the Ahoms came to Assam they fought with the Sutiyas. The Sutiyas battled the Ahoms with cannons and other varieties of firearms. Therefore, it can be proved that firearms and gunpowder were traditionally made in early Assam

    The fact that Sutiyas were using firearms can be ascertained by the fact that when the Sutiya kingdom was annexed by Ahoms, the Ahoms acquired a lot of things from the Sutiyas. One of those were the big gun, called Mithaholong. In fact, this was the one of the largest classes of big guns which were produced in this part of the country.Mithaholong was the largest and the sound was so big that people have to dig a ditch and hide there to ignite it.

    As per History of Assam by Edward Gait, the first usage of Gunpowder by Ahoms date back to their war against Turbak in 1532.Upto this time their weapons consisted of swords,spears and bows and arrows.Sutiyas were defeated in 1527 which indicated that the Sutiyas were the first to use Gunpowder in Assam.

    Apart from it,there were other types of guns like Biyagom bortop, Hatimuriya bortop, Tubukee bortop and Baghmora bortop.Bortop is the Assamese word for big guns.There are another few classes of guns, they were called hilois. They are smaller in size and some of them can even be fired from hand.There were 11 important classes of hilois, they are- Gonthiya, Jombur, Pohlongi, Ramchangi, Xoru Hatnoliya, Kamayon, Jomur, Kecai, Tonwa, Khoka and Bochadari hiloi.

    Even if we deny that gunpowder was not invented and first used in Assam but in China,one thing is sure that Gunpowder were first used in this part of India for the first time and they were of much better qualities.When Mirzumla went back from Assam he took with him 675 big guns, about 4750 maunds of gunpowder in boxes because they were in much better quality than what they used.
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