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    Posted April 13, 2014 by
    Vidor, Texas
    This iReport is part of an assignment:
    Travel photo of the day

    More from dppineda

    Update: Strange Plane - Strange Exhaust (on Mars)


    I found 3 papers that explain, by inference, the "pretzel"-like exhaust on the Native Flying Object pictured here (NASA/JPL Mars Photo PIA16128). It might be an EMHD (Electron Magneto-Hydrodynamic Drive (whew!). I also included the wide shot this time.


    "Twisted Vortices in a GaugeField Theory" (

    "Recently, a gauge field theory model with two charged bosons has been proposed to describe a two-component plasma of negatively and positively
    charged particles [1]. has been proposed that the model supports stable, self-confining knot-like solitons......The ensuing soliton, if it exists, can be viewed as a bundle of twisted, closed magnetic flux lines..... where the flux lines are twisted in an axis-symmetric manner. Such configurations can then be viewed as straight but twisted vortex tubes or as the limiting case of an infinite radius toroidal soliton.....We find that the ratio between the length and the thickness turns out to be 2.5. This suggest that for a would-be toroidal configuration the energy density becomes lumped at the center of the toroidal structure."


    ALSO:  Vortices and Flux Ropes in Electron MHD Plasmas I.



    The analysis of effects and theories for electromagnetic hydrodynamics propulsion by surface

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