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    Heath Berkowitz boston guitar works : How to use the settings of his electric guitar

     
    How to use the settings of his electric guitar ?

    Heath Berkowitz boston guitar works : How to use the settings of his electric guitar ? Electric guitars include all kinds of sound settings as knobs or lever switches .

    When starting the electric guitar, it is not always easy to grasp the operation and how to optimize these settings.

    Do an overview of the most common settings on his electric guitars ...
    Passive or active ?

    Heath Berkowitz: The first point to be able to use the controls for an electric guitar is that it is active or passive .

    The difference is based on the presence or absence of an energy source, usually by means of one or more batteries .

    The most common (Fender Stratocaster, Gibson Les Paul ... ) electric guitars are passive .
    This means they do not have batteries and their microphones are connected to the output jack only via potentiometers or switches .

    boston guitar works :Conversely, a force generally includes a guitar preamplifier, that is to say a small electronic circuit for amplifying the signal from the microphones .
    So you need a battery to power the circuit.

    Active guitars being rarer than passive, we will mainly address here the settings for passive guitars.

    Those active guitars will be similar enough, but these sometimes offer additional functions (booster, equalizer ... ) .
    The pickup selector

    Few guitars have only one microphone.
    They do not require selector.

    For others, who usually have 2 or 3 pickups, the selector will allow to choose (s) is ( s) you want to use .

    The Gibson Les Paul Type Guitars use a 3-position selector in the form of a small lever .

    3 positions allow to choose whether you want to use :

    The bridge pickup .
    The neck pickup .
    2 microphones at once.

    The kind Fender Stratocaster guitars that have 3 pickups, the selector has 5 positions :

    The bridge pickup .
    The bridge pickup + central microphone.
    The middle pickup .
    The neck pickup + central microphone.
    The neck pickup .

    The choice of microphones used will depend on the type of tone sought to play a song or a specific section of a song.

    Generally, the higher the microphone used is close to the bridge ( or vibrato ), the sound is sharp and aggressive.

    Conversely, the microphone will be more closer to the handle, the sound is round, warm and soft.

    Having five positions will therefore get a fairly broad range of sound.
    Volume

    All electric guitars have at least a volume control, sometimes several .

    A Fender Stratocaster, there is a setting potentiometer overall volume.

    A Gibson Les Paul, there is a volume control for each pickup.
    Sometimes it requires to handle both buttons to be able to adjust the overall volume, but it offers the possibility to balance the volumes of two microphones at his convenience.

    Contrary to the volume control of an amplifier or active guitar, one passive electric guitar can not amplify the signal pickups .
    All he can do is attenuate the signal .

    So, adjust the volume of the guitar " bottom " back somehow let the sound microphones to the output jack without mitigation.

    Conversely, manipulate the volume control will gradually attenuate the signal pickups to total silence.

    Therefore, there is no risk to adjust the volume on the guitar up, and it is even the best way to get closer to the natural-sounding mics.

    2 volume knobs on guitars Gibson Les Paul types offer additional possibilities:

    When two pickups are selected, you can independently adjust the volumes of two microphones to create a custom sound between the neck pickup and the bridge pickup mix.
    It is possible to reduce the volume of a microphone to play rhythm and set the other up for solos without the need to touch the amp settings .
    You can adjust the volume of a micro maximum and the minimum of the other, making it silent.
    Then using the selector, the Alternating between 2 microphones creates an effect of muting alternative.
    In this context, it is approaching what is known as a " kill switch " .
    To cite one example, Tom Morello ( guitarist of the group Rage Against The Machine ) is quite fond of this effect.

    the tone

    The last set of the most common is the tone control .

    This attenuates high frequencies, so as to obtain a softer tone, less aggressive .

    On the Gibson Les Paul, there is a tone control by micro, 2 in total.

    On the Fender Stratocaster, often, a tone knob controls the treble neck pickup and a second control acute central microphone.
    In the latter case, it is not possible to adjust the tone of pickup.

    Other guitars include a setting of overall tone, but its operation is similar .

    Like the volume control, set the tone knob up to get close to the natural sound of the microphone made ​​.

    Any other setting will reduce high frequencies until a very dull sound.
    What is the best setting ?

    There is no "best setting " in the absolute.
    It all depends on what you play, the sound that is desired, the amplification system, the acoustics of the room ...

    For starters, the easiest way is to set all the knobs volume and tone up, to get the rawest and most natural sound, as if the microphones were directly connected to the output jack without settings intermediaries.

    Then just to test different positions selector microphones to compare the sound reproduction and identify sounds that interest you most .

    Finally, you can fine tune by reducing the volume or tone to your liking .

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