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    Posted May 10, 2014 by
    66ivan
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    Robots and Magnesium revolution promises to change the world

     
    Creating a material that's both strong and lightweight is the ultimate goal for many manufacturers. Recently, magnesium alloys have gained much attention for being the world's lightest structural material.

    The University of Manchester led to development of a new class of high performance, low density magnesium alloys.
    Made today by Magnesium Elektron (ME), the international leader in magnesium alloys, these alloys are today helping aerospace and automotive manufacturers to increase product performance and reduce fuel consumption of aircraft and motor vehicles.New computers and Notebooks features thin and lightweight thanks to a lightweight magnesium chassis.

    Today the new alloys and associated corrosion protection systems are used extensively in helicopter and fixed wing military aircraft, including the Westland Lynx, McDonnell Douglas MD500, F22 Raptor and Apache Mark-3 attack helicopter and the F35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). Replacing aluminium, the alloys give a 35% mass reduction so the aircraft meet critical performance and range targets.
    These aircraft are being manufactured in large numbers; approximately 3,100 F35 JSF aircraft are expected to be in service by 2035.

    The Robotics Revolution indicates that technology could replace workers for 80 percent of current jobs. Robots will soon be everywhere, in our home and at work. They will change the way we live. Made of magnesium alloy Honda built latest robot, Asimo. It chatted in English with US President Barack Obama [Unlink] then ran, jumped and kicked a soccer ball.

    Magnesium appear to be the biggest economic and investment opportunity of this century. The doctors and scientists now believe that most chronic diseases may have the same root cause: inflammation. In a breakthrough 2014 study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers concluded that the healthful effect of magnesium intake on chronic diseases.

    Magnesium’s unique ability to inhibit inflammation and lower CRP levels is a tremendous advance in curbing chronic disease. Magnesium is crucial for bone strength and development, and it’s required for over 300 enzymatic reactions, including many of the reactions that generate energy for your cells and control critical neurotransmitters.
    Magnesium has huge potential on building world’s most fuel efficient cars and transportation equipments. The Korea Institute of Science and Technology have successfully developed and tested the Magnesium-Air battery technology. The development phase is already quite advanced as this technology is not only running in the laboratory but already in cars, a vehicle AD Motors Change EV has been equipped with this new battery technology, confirming its potential, and a charging time announced at ten minutes. The KIST promises up to 800km of range – without revealing the capacity in kWh.

    Toyota announced to work on Magnesium-Ion batteries for its vehicles, and it is now a Korean Institute that has developed a Magnesium-air technology that allows energy density 5 times higher than lithium-Ion. The 2014 Volkswagen XL1 is currently the most fuel-efficient production car in the world. It had a carbon fiber body, magnesium alloy frame.

    The magnesium has contributed on building this car, which can do a staggering 313 miles per gallon. General Motors (GM) and GM China Advanced Technical Centre have begun operating a new magnesium alloy machine for developing next-generation magnesium castings, the company said. GM’s Vertical Squeeze Casting (VSC) machine, will make it easier to manufacture vehicle parts from magnesium and marks a “breakthrough” in its lightweight materials research, the company said. The machine, designed by GM’s lightweight materials research teams in Detroit and Shanghai.

    Albanian Minerals and Bytyci SHPK globally holds the world’s largest and richest magnesium ore reserves, with over 20 billion tons, worth trillions of dollars as pure magnesium metal.The magnesium ore in Albanian Minerals mine’s is finest in the world, with over 55% rich in magnesium content.

    Sahit Muja Albanian Minerals and Bytyci SHPK President and CEO said, “Magnesium is the next big thing in the 21st century. Engineers and scientists are making major discoveries toward lighter cars, trucks, trains, airplanes, vessels by developing a way to expand the use of magnesium alloys in parts. Using magnesium sheets to make everything is a significant breakthrough. Magnesium is 75 percent lighter than steel , 50% lighter than titanium, and 33 percent lighter than aluminum”.

    Sahit Muja said, There is unprecedented interest in magnesium, as sources of sustainable supply for new batteries and significantly lighter alloys. Magnesium will profoundly changed the economic outlook of clean energy sources. Also magnesium can be used to producing hydrogen, on building more efficient wind turbines, robots and capturing carbon dioxide.

    Albanian Minerals CEO Sahit Muja said, “My strategy to explore magnesium opportunity goes back to a vision which took shape 30 years ago in Albania. As Albanian Minerals CEO, I have begin carving out a forward-thinking strategy to secure world’s largest and best magnesium reserves and leading edge in magnesium production far into the future”.
    Mr. Muja added that Magnesium has low density and high strength, magnesium can form high-strength alloy with, chrome aluminum, copper,manganese, nickel, titanium, zinc and other metals as an important alloying element. Currently, China is a major producer and consumer of magnesium in the world. In 2013, China produced 770,000 tons of primary magnesium which was equivalent to 89% of the world’s output.

    Sahit Muja said, There is huge potential to produce Magnesium ore Eco-cements, Magnesium cements absorb CO2 as they set, Magnesium cements can have greater compressive and tensile strength, greater capacity to “breathe” and to bond. Magnesium has the potential to revolutionise the way we capture and convert the CO2 into magnesium carbonate. Scientists has discovered that magnesium bearing minerals has clean the world in beginning from CO2.

    Doron Aurbach of Bar Ilan University has new technologies. The most promising one is based on magnesium ion, which supplies more power than lithium-ion batteries (a positive charge of two, rather than one for lithium-ions) and is cheaper to produce. By using nano-materials to tweak individual cells, Mr. Aurbach believes that new batteries could be significantly lighter, and last 100% longer than current ones.

    Japanese scientist Yoshihito Kawamura, a materials science professor at Kumamoto University, and his colleagues have developed two strong, nonflammable magnesium alloys that could be used in aircraft construction. ARPA innovative and collaborative government agency that brings together America’s best and brightest scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs is supporting magnesium research.

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