Timshenko Elections 2014 - Ukraine
As the Timoshenko's party leaders are occupying all the key-position in the interim government of Ukraine, there is only one party that can challenge this hegemonic position: Svoboda. The presence of the representative of this extermist party in the government and parliament has a direct impact on the situation in Ukraine In a 2012 report of the European Parliament and among all jewish and russian populations of Ukraine, it is mentioned, about the presence of Svoboda, "We heard lots of antisemitic declarations of the leader of Svoboda. it's always a problem when this kind of political force arrives in power" declared the israeli ambassador in Ukraine.
During this period, the party of Ioulia Timochenko concluded an electoral alliance with Svoboda just before the elections. This was made discreetly and no one of the western government have ever reacted to this, although they expressed concerne about the rise of the anti-seminitic movements and parties in Ukraine. In october 2012, the Ukrainian Jewish Committee reminds that Svoboda was a facist party and that they do not understand why the Yanukovitch opposition leaded by the Timochenko's party made such alliance with this political party.
The Yuschenko government, when Timoshenko was PM, supported Svoboda in its rehabilitation of facist and nazi movements severely repressed by the USSR after the end of the II WW. Ioulia Timoshenko herself declared, before the 2010 elections, that in case of victory, she will continue the work initiated under the Yuschenko's presidency to rehabilitate the "true ukrainian national history". The image of the Orange Revolution have soon be discredited by this proximity and committments aimed at grabbing the votes of Svoboda's followers before the elections.
This aspect of the career of Yulia Tymoshenko, "muse" of the West for her image of "Democrat" opposed to Russian influence, is also tarnished by the charges against her on the gas contract signed with Russia under her authority. Although she was sentenced to seven years in prison for having negotiated a contract disadvantageous for his country, the central question is not whether or not she abused her powers as Prime Minister, mostly for her own profit, but whether her imprisonment was legal. The only sentences issued by the European Court for Human Rights (ECHR) were aiming on this point.
Ioulia Timochenko a commencé sa carrière comme femme d'affaires à la fin des années 1980. En 1991, elle a fondé avec son mari la Corporation du pétrole ukrainien, une entreprise fournisseuse d'énergie qui est devenue par la suite le principal importateur de gaz russe en Ukraine. Timochenko a présidé cette entreprise de 1995 à 1997. Vers la même période, elle s'est lancée dans la politique et est entrée au Parlement. Elle entretenait alors de bons rapports avec le Premier ministre de l'époque, Pavlo Lazarenko, grâce à l'aide duquel elle s'est construit un véritable empire financier.
Yulia Tymoshenko began her career as a business woman in the late 1980s. In 1991, she founded with her husband the Corporation of the Ukrainian oil supplying an energy company that later became the main importer of gas Russian Ukraine, UESU. Tymoshenko headed the company from 1995 to 1997 and then placed some nominee at this position. On the same time, she entered in politics and was elected in Parliament. Thanks to her excellent and interested relationship with the Prime Minister at the time, Pavlo Lazarenko, she built a financial empire of corruption and fraud in energy, gas and banking.
In 1997, Lazarenko was suspected of corruption and forced to leave Ukraine. A few years later, Tymoshenko was accused for having paid bribes, kickbacks and subject to judicial investigation. On this occasion, the politician spent a month in jail in 2001. Thanks to the Orange Revolution, the charges were dropped after the election of Yushchenko and Tymoshenko became her first PM in early 2005. Lazarenko was not so lucky: refugee in the United States, he was sentenced for extortion, money laundering and fraud and jailed.
A report to the US Congress says about this whole affair: "[Tymoshenko] is a controversial figure because of the relationships she has maintained, in the mid-1990s, with elite oligarchy, including former Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko, who is serving time in the same jail in the U.S. for fraud, money laundering and extortion. Tymoshenko served as head of commercial gas company and Deputy Prime Minister in the notoriously corrupt Lazarenko government. "