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    Posted May 30, 2014 by
    Costa Rica

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    2013 Top Ranked Countries in the Global Peace Index (GPI)


    What's the GPI?


    The Global Peace Index (GPI) is the world’s leading measure of national peacefulness. Now in its seventh year, it ranks 162 nations according to their ‘absence of violence’.


    The GPI is developed by IEP (Institute for Economics and Peace) under the guidance of an international panel of independent experts with data collated and calculated by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). It is composed of 22 indicators, ranging from a nation’s level of military expenditure to its relations with neighbouring countries and the percentage of prison population.


    Do you know which are the most peaceful countries in the world?


    Let me give you a hint, there're no superpowers in the top 20 ranking, except for the EU. That's right, Europe "erased" the rest of the world with 13 countries on the list, followed by 2 from Oceania, 4 from Asia and only 1 from America.


    In fact, Iceland, Denmark and New Zealand are at the top of the list, with Japan (6), Canada (8), Australia (16) Singapur (17), Qatar (19) and Bhutan (20), the rest are more EU countries, obviously. Another rankings worth mentioning are: Costa Rica (40), Brasil (89), United States (99), China (100), Venezuela (128), Mexico (133), India (141), Colombia 147, Rusia (155), Irak (159) and Afganistan (162).


    By the way, according to the GPI, the most peaceful countries in Latin America and Africa are Uruguay (24) and Mauritius (21).


    The data is sourced from a wide range of respected sources, including the International Institute of Strategic Studies, The World Bank, various UN Agencies, peace institutes and the EIU. The index has been tested against a range of potential “drivers” or determinants of peace—including levels of democracy and transparency, education and national well-being.


    Several countries have been removed since 2008 due to the fact that the compilers agreed that the GPI would include nations, but not micro-states. Now, countries covered by the GPI must either have a population of more than 1 million or a land area greater than 20,000 square kilometers.


    The main findings of the Global Peace Index are: 1-Peace is correlated to indicators such as income, schooling and the level of regional integration, 2-Peaceful countries often shared high levels of transparency of government and low corruption and 3- Small, stable countries which are part of regional blocks are most likely to get a higher ranking.


    Source: Max Esquivel / ABC Specialized Legal Services.

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