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    Posted June 10, 2014 by

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    The Arctic region is one of the largest sources of hydrocarbon reserves in the world. Mind this, the question of presence in the region and the right to explore its resources acquires a strategic importance. This is caused by the world powers national interests. As a result, a chance of a real hot not cold war between leading forces may take place.

    Over last few years there are NATO’s regular army maneuvers in the arctic region. Particulary, in the period between the 19th till 26th of March 2014 there were joint exercises “Cold Response”. 16 thousand soldiers from 16 countries took part in it. The main aim was to train cooperative interaction in the appearance of military threat in the arctic circle.

    Besides joint maneuvers as a part of the alliance, some countries fulfilled combat tasks on their own. Thus, according to the national daily newspaper of Canada «Canada.com» in the period between 13th and 26th of February 2014 500 souldiers of the Canadian Armed Forces performed exercises called "Arctic ram" aimed on actions in the Arctic on the Simpson peninsula (village Kugaaruk, Kitikmeot region). The exercise was attended by the 3rd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (3 PPCLI), Canadian Rangers from 1 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group and the Arctic Response Company Group comprised of soldiers from 38 Canadian Brigade Group.

    It should be noted that this large-scale exercises were held near the Russian border, that indicates that NATO led by the U.S. considers Russia as the only possible threat in the region. According to the experts, currently, deploying NATO forces in the Arctic will threat a missile attack to any part of Russia. Regarding this situation Russia is forced to take counter steps.

    Concerning this, an infrastructure is bulilt for the North Fleet of Russia, basing new Russian nuclear-powered ballistic missile type submarine “Borey” and “Yasen”. In March that year, Russian airborne forces were first in the world who performed mass landing on drifting ice in Arctic Ocean 100 km away from the North Pole near Russian arctic station “Barneo”. They plan to build military infrastructure on archipelagos and islands of the Arctic Ocean in the nearest future to create single observation system over airspace, above-water and under-water.

    Thus, the Arctic region became the area of a long-term geopolitical interest. Russia many times announced that there is no necessity of military-political blocs in the area. The official position of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is that there is no problem which requires the use of force. The decision of all problems should be based on terms of international law.

    But the presence of NATO in the Arctic Region long ago became the reality and late exercises of the alliance lets us suppose that alliance’s activity will rise in time. All of these events show us that Russia should quickly explore this perspective region and all of the powers to protect its interests and enhance security. Not without reason 2014 is called by the Russian Ministry of Defense as “The Year of Arctic”.
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