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    Posted July 26, 2014 by
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    FGM: Crimes Against Humanity

     
    The International Criminal Courts (ICC) Rome Statutes clearly must include FGM under its definition of Crimes Against Humanity.

    Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Article 7, part 1, (g) lists as crimes against humanity: Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity;

    Clearly FGM meets the criteria of “sexual violence of comparable gravity” to “: Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization”. The Explanatory Notes to the ICC Rome statute elaborates by quoting A. Cassese describing crimes against humanity as acts that “… are particularly odious offences in that they constitute a serious attack on human dignity or grave humiliation or degradation of one or more human beings.”

    There may be no greater offense, humiliation or degradation to a female than robbing her of her sexual identity. FGM will also fit the ICC Rome Statute’s definition of torture.

    The explanatory notes continue to include: That these crimes against humanity “… are not isolated or sporadic events, but are part either of a governmental policy (although the perpetrators need not identify themselves with this policy) or of a widespread practice of atrocities tolerated or condoned by a government or a de facto authority.”

    The Fatwa issued by ISIS meets the definition of a “…widespread practice of atrocities tolerated or condoned by a government or a de facto authority.”

    We call upon the ICC to enforce Article 7 of the Rome Statutes by declaring that FGM is a crime against humanity and taking all appropriate action to stop this inhumane, barbaric practice.

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