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    Posted August 8, 2014 by
    JoyfulGypsy
    Location
    Stirling, United Kingdom
    Assignment
    Assignment
    This iReport is part of an assignment:
    Bonny Scotland

    More from JoyfulGypsy

    Stirling Castle, Scotland

     

    Stirling Castle is one of Scotland's most historically important sites and was once a favored residence of the Stewart kings and queens who held grand celebrations at the castle.

     

    Knights, nobles and foreign ambassadors once flocked to Stirling Castle to revel in its grandeur with its superb sculptures and beautiful gardens.

     

    The castle sits atop Castle Hill. It is surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs, giving it a strong defensive position. Its strategic location, guarding what was, until the 1890s, the farthest downstream crossing of the River Forth, has made it an important fortification from the earliest times.

     

    Several Scottish Kings and Queens have been crowned at Stirling, including Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1542.

     

    Stirling Castle marks the site of two epic medieval battles where famous Scotsmen defeated huge English armies despite seemingly impossible odds: In 1297, William Wallace (a.k.a. "Braveheart") fended off an invading English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. In 1314, Robert the Bruce won the battle of nearby Bannockburn.

     

    There have been at least eight sieges of Stirling Castle, including several during the Wars of Scottish Independence, with the last being in 1746, when Bonnie Prince Charlie unsuccessfully tried to take the castle.

     

    Photos by Lulis Leal
    November, 2009

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