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Reactions to Mumbai attacks
Islam never orders Muslims to invade, kill, burn, destroy countries
Some people say: Islam orders Muslims to invade, kill, burn, destroy countries, and to put people to the sword for the sake of their religion, calling this "jihâd" (holy war).
This assertion is completely wrong. The essence of jihâd as defined by Islam is not to ruin countries or to kill people, but to propagate the religion, and at the same time to protect the religion, which is never done by destroying, burning or cruelty. Islam only commands defence and struggle against transgressors. On the other hand, Christians, as we have mentioned above at length, have not shied away from committing the most horrifying murders in the name of religion, and, despite Hadrat 'Îsâ's (Jesus') teachings and advice on mercy and fairness, they have perpetrated all kinds of evil and savagery. History teems with examples of their atrocities. In contrast, according to Islam, a Muslim should never apply any sort of aggression upon anyone. If a Muslim, or his religion, is attacked he first tries to dissuade the aggressor politely. In case his efforts are unsuccessful, he sues him. And the court inflicts the necessary punishment with justice. If he cannot get his right even through the court, he will retire either into his house, or into his place of business. He will keep away from his transgressors. If his house, or place of business is attacked, he will move away; that is, he will leave that city. If he cannot find any city to move in, he will leave that country. If he cannot find any Muslim country to move to, he will move to any non-Muslim country where human rights are respected. A Muslim does not attack anyone with his hands or tongue, nor does he violate anyone's property, possession, chastity, or honour. Jihâd means to communicate Allâhu ta'âlâ's true religion to His created slaves. This can be done by using the sword to eliminate cruel and exploiting dictators, who hamper Allahu ta'âlâ's religion from reaching His slaves. First, it begins with admonishing and moral preaching, and then in the case of disobedience or opposition, these obstructions are eliminated by other means. Jihâd with force is done not by individuals, but by the Islamic state.
In the 256 th verse of Sûrat al-Baqara in the Qur'ân al-kerîm it states: "There is no compulsion in religion..." In contrast with the usual methods of Christians, Muslims do not attempt to convert a person to Islam by having recourse to any means, i.e., by force or by promising material advantages. He who wants to be a Muslim becomes a Muslim willingly. Muslims cause non-Muslims to embrace Islam with their sweet, logical and reasonable words, and with their moral conduct and model behavior. Those who prefer not to become Muslims live freely under the protection of the Islamic state as non-Muslim countrymen. They have the same rights and freedoms as Muslims; they freely perform their own religious rituals. These are explained in the book Diyâ-ul-qulûb from page 293 onward.
It is narrated in the seventieth story of the book Manâqib-I Chehâr yâr-i Guzîn: "A caravan of merchants made a night's halt immediately outside Medina. Since they were exhausted, they soon fell asleep. Umar (radiy-Allâhu ta'âlâ 'anh), the Caliph, who was walking one of his usual beats around the city, saw them. He went to Abd-ur-Rahmân Ibn Awf's (radiy-Allâhu
ta'âlâ 'anh) house and said to him: ‘A caravan is here tonight. They are all disbelievers. But they have consigned themselves to our protection. They have many valuable goods. I fear that strangers or travellers may rob them. Come along, let's guard them.' They guarded them until the next morning, and then went to the mosque for the morning prayer. A youngster among the merchants had not slept. He followed them. Inquiring about them, he found out that the person who had guarded them was Umar, the Caliph (radiy-Allâhu 'anh). He went back and told his companions all about this. Seeing the mercy and compassion of the exalted Caliph, who had routed the Roman and Iranian armies, who had conquered numerous cities, and who was so well known for his justice, they concluded that Islam was the true religion, and willingly became Muslims altogether."
As it is written in the same book, Manâqib: "During Hadrat Umar's (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) caliphate, Sa'd ibn Abû Waqqâs (radiy Allâhu 'anh), the commander of the eastern front, wanted to have a villa built in Kûfa city. He had to buy a magian's house which was next to his parcel. The magian did not want to sell his house. The magian went home and conferred with his wife who said: ‘They have the ‘Amîr-ul-Mu'minîn in Medina. Go to him and lodge a complaint with him.' He went to Medina and asked about the Caliph's palace. The people he asked answered that the Caliph did not have a palace or a villa and that he had gone outside the city. So he, too, left the city to look for him. There were no soldiers or guards around. He saw someone sleeping on the ground. He asked the man if he had seen the Caliph Umar. In fact, the man he asked was the Caliph Umar himself (radiy-Allâhu 'anh). He asked the magian why he was looking for the Caliph Umar. The man answered: ‘His commander coerces me to sell him my house. I came here to lodge a complaint against him.' Hadrat Umar (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) went to his home, taking the magian along with him. He asked for some paper, but they could not find any paper in the house. He saw a shoulder blade and asked for it. He wrote as follows on the bone: ‘Bismillâhirrahmânirrahîm*In the Name of Allah the Compassionate, the Merciful* Lo, Sa'd! Do not hurt this magian's heart! Otherwise, come to me at once.' The magian took the bone and went back home. He said: ‘I went to all this lot of trouble for nothing. If I give this piece of bone to the commander he'll think he is being teased and will become very angry.' But when his wife insisted, he went to Sa'd. Sa'd was sitting and chatting cheerfully with his soldiers. No sooner had he caught sight of the handwriting on the bone in the magian's hand, who was standing at some distance, than he turned pale, for he had recognised the Emir-ul-mu'minîn Umar's (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) handwriting. The abrupt change surprised everybody. Sa'd (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) approached the magian and said: ‘I'll do whatever you want me to. But, please don't do anything that will make me look guilty in Umar's (radiy- Allâhu 'anh) presence, for I cannot endure the punishment inflicted by him.' Seeing the commander begging surprised the magian to the degree of madness. When he regained his senses, he immediately became a Muslim. When others asked him how he had become a Muslim, his answer was: ‘I saw their
Amîr (chief) sleeping on the soil with a patched coat. I saw how his commanders trembled with fear of him. I, therefore, came to the conclusion that they were in the right religion. Such justice for a fire worshipper like me could only have been done by believers of the right religion.' "
History Professor Shibli Nu'mânî, Chief of India's assembly of Nadwat-ul-Ulamâ and the author of the famous book Al- Intiqad, passed away in 1332 1914. His book, Al-Fârûq, in
Urdu, was translated into Persian by Serdâr Esedullah Khân's mother, who was a sister of Nâdir Shâh, the Emperor of Afghanistan. The translation was printed with Nâdir Shâh's command in Lahore in 1352 (1933). It says on its one hundred and eightieth page: "Abû Ubaydat ibn Jarrâh (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) made his men announce the Caliph Umar's (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) commands in every city he conquered. When he conquered Humus city, he said, ‘O Byzantines! With the help of Allâhu ta'âlâ and commanded by our Caliph, Umar (radiy-Allâhu 'anh), we have conquered this city, too. You are all free in your trade, business, and worship. No one will even touch your property, life, or chastity. Islam's justice shall be applied to you, and your rights shall be observed the same way. Against attacks coming from without, we shall protect you as we protect Muslims. As we tax Muslims with zakât of animals and ushr in return for this service, so shall we ask you to pay us the jizya once a year. Allâhu ta'âlâ commands us to serve you and to tax you with jizya.'http://*The amount of *jizya* is forty grams of silver from the poor, eighty grams from the middle-class, and a hundred and sixty grams from the rich. Other commodities, such as corn of equal value, may be given instead of silver. Women, children, the ill, the destitute, the old, and men of religion are not taxed with jizya*
"The Byzantines of Humus paid their jizyas willingly and gave them to Habîb ibn Muslim, the chief of the Baytulmâl. When intelligence reported that Heraclius had been recruiting soldiers all over his country and was making preparations to attack from the Antioch front, it was decided that the soldiers in Humus should join the forces at Yarmuq. Abû Ubayda (radiy-Allâhu 'anh) had his officials announce to the city: ‘O Christians! I promised to serve you, to protect you, in return for which I took the jizya from you. But now, as I have been commanded by the Caliph (radiy-Allâhu 'anh), I'm leaving here to help my brothers who will perform a holy war against Heraclius. I shall not be able to keep my promise to you. So, come all of you to the Baytulmâl and take your jizyas back! Your names and contributions are recorded in our registry.' The same was done in most of the Syrian cities. Seeing this justice, this mercy on the part of Muslims, the Christians were extremely delighted to know that they were freed from the cruelty and torment which the Byzantine emperor had been exercising on them for many years. They shed tears of joy. Most of them became Muslims willingly. Of their own accord, they spied upon the Byzantine armies for the Muslim armies. Thus, Abû Ubayda was daily informed about all the movements of Heraclius' army. These Byzantine spies played a major role in the great victory of Yarmuq. The establishment and enlargement of the Islamic states was not accomplished by aggression or by killing. The great and main power that kept up those states and kept them alive was the power of îmân (belief), the power of justice, goodness, honesty, and self-sacrifice which Islam cherishes greatly."
It is not civilization to imitate the West's fashions, immoralities, and false beliefs. It will damage the constitution of the Muslim people. And this damage is perpetrated only by the enemies of Islam. Islam never tolerates a Muslim being supine or lazy. It commands Muslims to work and improve in all branches of science, to learn from non-Muslims their new scientific findings, and also to emulate them. It commands them to be ahead of others in agriculture, commerce, medicine, chemistry, and in the war industry. Muslims must find out all the scientific means that other nations have, and manufacture them. But they must not adopt or imitate their corrupt religions, squalid and ugly habits, customs or traditions.
Ignatiyef, who was a Russian Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire for a long time, reveals in his memoirs a letter written by the Patriarch Gregorius, the chief plotter of the 1237 (1821)
Greek insurrection during the time of Sultan Mahmut Khan II (rahima-hullâhu ta'âlâ), to the Russian Czar, Alexandre. The letter is a lesson:
"It is impossible to crush or demolish the Turks materially. The Turks, being Muslims, are very patient and enduring people. They are very dignified and have a mighty belief. These moral qualities originate from their adherence to their faith, contentment with destiny, the power of their traditions, and the feeling of obeisance to their emperors state authorities, commanders, superiors.
The Turks are intelligent and industrious as long as they have chiefs to lead and manage them in a positive way. They are quite content. All their merits, including their feelings of heroism and bravery, come from their devotion to their traditions and the firmness of their morality.
The first requirement is to break the Turks' feelings of obedience, to extirpate their spiritual bonds, and to weaken their religious convictions. And the shortest way to this end is to accustom them to foreign ideas and behaviour that are repugnant to their national traditions and morality.
The very day their religious morality is broken, the Turks' real power, which takes them to victory in front of forces that are in form much more powerful and numerous, and in appearance much greater, will waver, and, thus, it will be possible to crush them down by material superiority. For this reason, victories in warfare alone are not enough for the elimination of the Ottoman Empire. In fact, adherence to this method only will invigorate the
Turks' sense of honour and dignity, which may cause them to further realize their essence
The thing to do is to furtively aggravate the atrophy in their constitution without letting the Turks notice anything."
This letter is important enough to be written in school books for memorization. There are a number of messages in the letter; yet, the following two are of primary importance:
1- To accustom the Turks to foreign ideas and customs in order to destroy their faith and religion.
2- To complete the destruction within the Turks' constitution without them noticing.
And these objectives can be attained by getting them to imitate the West's immoralities in belief and fashion.
Naturally, it is necessary to obtain the West's knowledge in technical achievements, and in every branch of science. In fact, Islam commands it.
Lord Davenport, a British scholar, who had studied all religions quite well, said in his English book, Hadrat Muhammad and the Qur'ân, which he published in London in the early twentieth century:
It is its utter strictness on ethics that caused Islam to spread so rapidly in a short time. Muslims always showed forgiveness to people of other religions who submitted to the sword in combat. Jurio says that the Muslims' treatment towards the Christians is never comparable to the treatment which popes and kings deemed proper for Muslims. For example, in 980 A.H. http://1572 A.D., on August 24, that is, on Saint Bartholomew's Day, sixty thousand Protestants were killed in Paris and in its outlying areas with the command of Charles IX and Queen Catherina. Saint Bartholomew, one of the twelve apostles, was martyred as he was teaching Christianity in Erzurum in August 71 A.D. The blood shed by Muslims in those and many other persecutions is much greater than the Christian blood shed by Muslims in wars. It is for this reason that it is necessary to rescue many misled people from the misconception that Islam is a cruel religion. Such wrong statements have no proof. Compared with the papacy's persecutions, which yielded to savagery and cannibalism, the behavior of Muslims towards non-Muslims was as mild as a suckling baby.
Chatfeld said, "If the Arabs, the Turks and the other Muslims had applied the same cruel treatment to Christians as was applied by the Westerners, that is, Christians to Muslims, there would be no Christians left in the East today."
Amidst the bogs of superstition and doubts of other religions, Islam grew as purely as a violet and became the symbol of mental and intellectual nobility.
Milton said, "When Constantine siphoned national wealth to the church's coffers, this inspired ambition for post and wealth among the priests. As a result, Christianity fragmented into many different sects."
Islam spared humanity from the nuisance and disaster of shedding human blood for idols. Bringing worship and alms in its place, it provided men with goodness. It laid the foundation for social justice. Thus it easily prevailed over the world without recourse to bloody weapons. http://This is jihâd in Islam.
It can be said that no other nation was as loyal and as respectful to the casue of knowledge as were the Muslims. The Prophet's ('alaihi 's-salâm) numerous hadîths sincerely encourage the pursuit of knowledge and abounds with respect for knowledge. Islam cherishes knowledge above property. Hadrat Muhammad (sall-Allâhu 'alaihi wa sallam) supported this attitude with all his might, and his Companions worked in this way to the best of their abilities.
Founders of today's science and civilization, and protectors of the old and new works of literature were the Muslims from the times of the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Ghaznevids, and the Ottomans. Davenport's word ends here.
Missionaries strove to annihilate Davenport's English book, from which we have paraphrased some passages. Jihad in Islâm is explained in detail in the second volume of the book Idhhârulhaq written by Rahmatullah Effendi,http://* Rahmatullah Effendi passed away in Mecca in 1306 (1889 A.D.).* from India.
Edited by Mohammad ARIF