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    Posted October 11, 2009 by
    Cairo, Illinois
    This iReport is part of an assignment:
    Neal Moore canoes the Mississippi

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    The Great Migration of Cairo, Illinois


    The Great Migration of Cairo, Illinois







    The positive voices of Cairo, Illinois are drowning out the exteriors of a now legendary, crumbling Main Street.  When one takes the time to step behind this facade, there are a group of local leaders who are putting their best foot forward, hopeful of a future that has no other option but to be bright.


    My muse for this story was singer/songwriter Stace England, who dedicated an entire album to the living legacy of Cairo, titled Greetings from Cairo, Illinois.  After shooting a rather haunting rendition of "The North Starts in Cairo, Illinois", Mr. England explained, "When [blacks] were traveling by bus from the South they were separated by a curtain from the white riders ... They could take that curtain down in Cairo, because the North started here.  So you can imagine people who had lived with segregation their entire lives getting into the land of opportunity [which would have been] a very dramatic thing."


    Yet the land of opportunity, or as Mr. Twain put it, "the promised land" was not exactly full of promise for all citizens.


    My first day in town, Preston Ewing, the City Treasurer and unofficial town historian, explained that before I could attempt to capture a glimpse of Cairo’s future, I’d “most certainly need to understand the past.” Mr. Ewing understands the past of this city as few others do, having served as the president of the local NAACP in the late 1960’s, a time in which Cairo gained national attention as a flashpoint of activity during the height of the Civil Rights Movement.


    Cairo, Illinois is geographically important due to its location as the very first city of the North, located at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers along the Mason- Dixie Line, a place locals refer to as "the epicenter of the country."  As such, Cairo was referred to as “the promised land” by runaway slaves, headed north. “If you made it to Cairo and crossed the Ohio River, then you could consider yourself to be on somewhat free territory,” explained Bishop Paul Jones, who serves as Alexander County's Circuit Clerk at the local Courthouse.


    Bishop Jones is the first African American to hold the title of Alexander County Circuit Clerk, while Mayor Judson Childs is the first African American to hold the title of Mayor in the City of Cairo.  An achievement for the African American community, on a local level, considering the town has been around for the past 150 years.


    In the past, there have been two, rather well publicized communities in the town of Cairo - white and black.  And yet, as Reverend Ronnie Woods, affectionately known by the town as "Coach", (a title in reference to his twenty plus years as Cairo High School football coach) is quick to point out, these once separate communities are now coming together.


    Take a look around, as Mayor Childs would say, "with your eyes and your ears" and one will find that folks here have moved past their racial differences.  In only a few short days in town, I was able to witness this firsthand, from the positive energy of the teachers of the Jr. and Sr. High School, to a "20/20 Vision" program embraced by local entrepreneurs and city officials alike, to a number of patrons at the town's local hangout, the Nu Diner, who confided that Cairo is, symbolically hand in hand, simply moving forward.






    Music & Lyrics used with permission by Stace England. Copyright Pearlie Mae Music 2005.  All Rights Reserved.


    Photos by Neal Moore:


    #2) Entering Cairo thru the city's levee bridge.


    #3) Excavated tunnels along the Ohio River Levee Wall believed to have been utilized by runaway slaves along the Underground Railroad, Cairo, Illinois


    #4) Two downtown storefronts which have been saved by a grant written by Monica Smith of the Cairo Chamber of Commerce, Cairo, Illinois


    #5) US-EPA Project Manager Kevin Turner looks at a TIME MAGAZINE article from 2000 on Cairo titled "Waiting for a Rebirth" with the corresponding buildings [and lack thereof] in the immediate background, Cairo, Illinois.  The US-EPA will be demolishing this city block by the end of November, 2009.




    Follow the journey…



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