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    Posted September 21, 2011 by
    This iReport is part of an assignment:
    Boot camp: Editing your story

    More from randy24

    Boot camp: the first draft




    - Lede

    - A Moldovan's story who works in Italy

    - What are the reasons of leaving the country?


       <Low income

    - A Moldovan's story who applies for dual citizenship

    - Info about the massive applications for the Romanian citizenship

    - Official data

      <Comparative analysis on the unemployment rate

      <Statistics about the number of Moldovans working abroad

      <The political deadlock



    1st draft:



    The lack of jobs and low earnings determine thousands of Moldovans to leave the country to find work. After graduation, many students choose to leave the Republic of Moldova behind and work for well paid companies in other countries.


    Igor Stropsa, 30, has worked as a constructor in Rome, Italy since 2008. He is pleased of his job; working eight hours a day and being paid on time. “I decided to leave Moldova because I didn’t have a job. I also wanted to have a beautiful future as others do,” says Stropsa. Despite of his satisfaction to have a full-time job, not everything is perfect. “I miss my parents, my nephews and my motherland,” says wistfully Igor, whose sister is working in northern Italy. Although his sister resides in the same country as he does, they don’t get to see each other too often. The toughest Igor’s problem is the fact that he hasn’t visited his family for three years already. His family is unable to visit him due to the necessity of a visa and the overwhelming requirements to get it.


    Being called by the international community as the ‘poorest country of Europe’, the Republic of Moldova has the lowest salaries on the continent, which can barely cover the basic daily needs. Shoring mostly on agriculture, the people cannot fully rely on farming, because the country doesn’t produce much enough to have a well developed export system. With a population of about 4 million inhabitants, many Moldovans have to work very hard to be able to pay their bills, get food and clothing. The salaries vary from a couple tens of dollars to a couple hundred. A nurse would normally earn up to $170 a month if she has some experience behind, while a recent graduate in social studies earns $70 a month. The lack of experience of the new alumni negatively influences their employment chances, because most of the employers want specialists with at least 2-3 years of previous experience. As a result, the Moldovan universities prepare jobless citizens on a broad scale which have low chances to have a job right after graduation.


    The dissolution of the Soviet Union has had a strong impact on the Moldovan economy. Being eager to establish a democracy ruled by its own nation, the new government installed after 1991, wasn’t able to efficiently manage the state’s budget, struggling with deep poverty among the people living in the countryside. The freedom gained from the USSR wasn’t correctly understood by some people, privatizing and destroying a lot of plants and factories within Moldovan territory. Inefficient task and resource management led to nowadays’ economic deadlock. The government explains the low salaries through small contributions to the national budget. The Value Added Tax in Moldova is 20%. The high contribution to the state budget deludes the Moldovans because they don’t receive too much in return. Ion Cecan, 75, is retired since several years already and is totally dissatisfied by the government. His monthly allowance does not exceed $70 after 40 years of daily work as a driver in the Soviet times and after. At his age, he works as a guardian at a parking lot on a night shift. “I can barely pay my bills; I have to turn off the light to save money,” says Cecan who lives in Moldova’s capital, Chisinau.

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