- Posted June 24, 2012 by
This iReport is part of an assignment:
CITY OF MIAMI - First Metropolitan City To Become Energy Efficient By 2020
Project Green Leaf
City Of Miami
Future Mayor Jeff Benjamin's Energy Administration has set a series of development goals for the City’s renewable energy development through 2020.
Our Plan is to have the City of Miami’s public facilities and transit system fully powered with Wind and Solar power by 2020. Estimated output is between 25 to 50GW supplied mainly from wind with solar power providing about 25-30% of energy.
Based on our projections, Miami will be the first major Metropolitan City to have self-sustained renewable energy. Our roadmap for this renewable energy can efficiently and drastically alter the landscape in the State of Florida.
By 2020, our wind power projects are expected to address 100 percent of the power demand in all of Dade County. The cost of these new renewable energies will be billed between 25-40% less than the current cost.
These estimated profits under our administration will be passed on to taxpayers through tax breaks and additional City Services.
Making affordable living once again a reality for America’s hard working families. Miami will be the first metropolitan City to rebuild America’s middle class and restore their faith.
Our roadmap predicts the following:
2014 Feasibility location and sourcing of a multi dimensional approach in procuring Federal funding in loans and guarantees for the development of Project Green Leaf.
Land and water rights and base installations.
By 2015, development of basic infrastructure and cost of coastal development for offshore wind power projects, supplemented by solar power.
From 2016 to 2017, development and realization of manpower lay development of stress values within Project Greenleaf.
• From 2018 to 2020, realization and implementation and synchronous development of all three sources of Power running simultaneously on Project Greenleaf’s Platforms.
Nuts & Bolts
State and Private institutions getting up to speed with our administration:
Drawbacks in implementation are as follows. Grid connection and rapid integration needed for generated energy are the two major factors that will restrain our development of Project Greenleaf.
Given these underlying factors it is imperative that we as a City in conjunction with the Federal Government find a pathway of implementation. In light of our economic situation, jobless claims and burdened economy, we must work together to resolve these issues efficiently and expediently.
Wind and Solar energy has many benefits and most of which can be categorized as economic and environmental. The economic impacts will be through job creation and increased power distribution. These new jobs and increased tax revenue will help our communities prosper. Job Creation because of the enormous scope of our project. A major component of the creation of Project Greenleaf is the amount of workers it is going to take to complete and sustain the project.
During these development phases of planning, sourcing, financing, site locations and eventually building.
Project Green Leaf will implement:
• Building of the access roads
• Laying the concrete for the turbine bases
• Transport the turbine pieces (tower sections, blades, nacelles, etc.)
• Operate heavy machinery (bulldozers, cranes, etc.)
• Building transmission lines and substations
After construction along with our transit rail lines, our administration would have created 25,000 full time jobs.
The numbers: Financial Accountability
Our primary focus is to purchase and install high-capacity units. The acquisition of these 5-MW direct-drive offshore wind turbines and the 6-MW double-fed wind turbines will propel us to become the first major metropolitan City to be energy self sufficient.
The biggest problem in completing projects of this magnitude is financing. The enormity of what it takes to make an entire City the size of Miami self sufficient in energy is the biggest problem. Securing financing from the Federal Government is the only feasible way to complete Project Green Leaf.
Last year, the current City Administration of Miami was awarded $491.00 (Four hundred and ninety one dollars for new energy initiatives) and zero new jobs.
Our Administration hopes to gain two Billion dollars and create 25,000 new jobs.
In the next few months, we will be meeting with the United States Department of Energy for funding for exploration and seed money.
There are some federal tax incentives already in play to assist us, which allows for community-based institutions to host community-based projects. Non-profits, cooperatives, cities and counties are logical entities to build projects, but we cannot readily use federal tax incentives for solar and wind power.
President Obama has proposed another solution loosening legislation to open the floodgates to a massively democratic investment in local, clean energy. Based on our projections the investment will be somewhere in the vicinity of two Billion dollars for the completion of Project Green Leaf. That will be paid out in installments of $500 million at different phases.
Solar panels will light street lights and power city offices. Two out of three in our City will benefit directly from Project Green Leaf. Because of our coastal proximity some of these new 6-MW double-fed wind turbines will used as an offshore wind power solution. Wind speed at sea is 70 to 100% higher than onshore and much more constant. This new generation of 6-MW double-fed wind turbines makes it possible to operate offshore wind farms in a cost-effective manner for more efficient performance and greater power generation.
The goal of Project Green Leaf is to erect the wind turbines far away from the coastlines, where the wind blows more consistently than it does on land, and where the enormous turbines won't bother coastal dwellers, fishermen and recreational tourist. The plan is to decrease the dependence on energy derived from coal and nuclear power plants by a 100% in 2020.
Why our administrations primary focus is on wind power:
Wind power is a clean, renewable energy technology, which is in abundance in South Florida. It does not cause air or land pollution, it is renewable, and it does not consume water resources.
Air Pollution from conventional power plants affects the air quality of the surrounding region and even contributes to global problems. Gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide along with particulate matter, mercury, and volatile organic compounds are the culprits. Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas that is responsible for global warming.
With the installation of more wind farms, less carbon is emitted. Global warming is responsible for increased global average temperatures and a myriad of other environmental impacts. Other gases, along with the particulate matter from coal fired power plants can aggravate health conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and even heart disease.
After the pollutants are released into the air from fossil fuel power plants, they eventually are brought back down to the earth in the form of acid rain or they simply settle to the ground. Acid rain damages buildings, kills plant life, and pollutes rivers and streams which in turn harm wildlife. We can sometimes ingest the polluted wildlife. For example, salmon with high levels of mercury is unhealthy for human consumption. Wind energy does not cause pollution that can harm humans. More importantly wind is a renewable resource. Wind power also helps conserve water resources. Power plants such as coal and nuclear uses Billions of gallons of water to cool the plants down or to produce steam for the generators.
Understanding Project Green Leaf Goals
A microwatt is equal to one millionth (10−6) of a watt. Important powers that are measured in microwatts are typically stated in medical instrumentation systems such as the EEG and the EKG, in a wide variety of scientific and engineering instruments and also in reference to radio and radar receivers. Compact solar cells for devices such as calculators and watches are typically measured in microwatts.
A milliwatt is equal to one thousandth (10−3) of a watt. A typical laser pointer outputs about five milliwatts of light power, whereas a typical hearing aid for people consumes less than one milliwatt.
The kilowatt is equal to one thousand (103) watts. This unit is typically used to express the output power of engines and the power consumption of electric motors, tools, machines, and heaters. It is also a common unit used to express the electromagnetic power output of broadcast radio and television transmitters. One kilowatt of power is approximately equal to 1.34 horsepower.
A small electric heater with one heating element can use 1.0 kilowatt, which is equivalent to the power consumption of the average household in the United States averaged over the entire year (8900 kW h divided by 365×24 hours).
The megawatt is equal to one million (106) watts. Many events or machines produce or sustain the conversion of energy on this scale, including lightning strikes; large electric motors; large warships such as aircraft carriers, cruisers, and submarines; large server farms or data centers; and some scientific research equipment, such as supercolliders, and also in the output pulses of very large lasers. A large residential or commercial building may consume several megawatts in electric power and AC.
The productive capacity of electrical generators operated by a utility company is often measured in megawatts. A typical wind turbine (or wind energy converter) has a power capacity of 1 to 3 MW. On railways, modern high-powered electric locomotives typically have a peak power output of 5 or 6 MW, although some produce much more. A nuclear power plants have net summer capacities between about 500 and 1300 MW.
A gigawatt is equal to one billion (109) watts or 1 gigawatt = 1000 megawatts. This unit is sometimes used for large power plants or power grids.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY • FLORIDA RECOVERYACT SNAPSHOT
The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation’s energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Florida are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar power and biofuels. Through these investments, Florida’s businesses, universities, non‐ profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Florida to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. Funding for selected DOE projects: $935.5 million clean energy tax credits and grants: 33
For total Recovery Act jobs numbers in Florida go to www.recovery.gov
DOE Recovery Act projects in Florida: 123
EXAMPLES OF FLORIDA FORMULA GRANTS
Program Award (in millions) State Energy
Conservation Block Grants
Energy Efficiency Appliance
$126.1 $176 $168.6 $17.6
The Executive Office of the Governor of Florida has received $126.1 million to invest in state‐level energy efficiency and renewable energy priorities.
The State of Florida has received $176 million to scale‐up existing weatherization efforts in the state, creating jobs, reducing carbon emissions and saving money for Florida’s low‐income families. Over the course of the Recovery Act, Florida expects to weatherize nearly 19,100 homes. Eighty‐seven communities in Florida have received a total of $168.6 million to develop, promote, implement, and manage local energy efficiency programs. The Executive Office of the Governor of Florida has received $17.6 million to offer consumer rebates for purchasing certain ENERGY STAR® appliances, which reduce energy use and save money for families, while helping the environment and supporting the local economy.
EXAMPLES OF FLORIDA COMPETITIVE GRANTS AND TAX CREDITS
$95.5 million $50 million $47.9 million $20.4 million
Florida received thirty‐two 1603 payments for renewable energy generation totaling
$47.8 million, which include solar and biomass projects.
For example, Florida
Power & Light
Company received $43.9 million for a photovoltaic facility project.
Saft in Jacksonville was awarded $95.5 million to build advanced lithium‐ion batteries for electric vehicles. INEOS New Planet BioEnergy, LLC in Vero Beach was awarded $50 million to produce ethanol and electricity from wood and vegetative residues and construction and demolition materials. Jabil Circuit in St. Petersburg was awarded a clean energy manufacturing tax credit for $20.4 million to retrofit an existing plant to offer solar photovoltaic panel assembly, logistics, procurement, and certification services for mono‐ and multi‐crystalline photovoltaic cell manufacturers. $14.9 million Lakeland Electric was awarded a $14.9 million Smart Grid Investment Grant to install a smart meter network for more than 125,000 residential, commercial and industrial electric customers across the utility’s service area.
Florida Power & Light Company was awarded $200 million under the Smart Grid Investment Grant program for a comprehensive project to advance smart grid functionalities across the state.
Total dollar amounts in this document are accurate as of June 1, 2010. Please note that Recovery Act Programs are ongoing and the dollar amounts are subject to change. Recipient locations are based on project sites rather than recipients’ headquarters locations.
Weatherization Assistance Program (F) 1 $176.0
State Energy Program (F) 1 $126.1
Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (F) 87 $168.6
Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate (F) 1 $17.6
Building Energy Efficiency 1 $0.0005
Additional Programs (CM & C) 1 $0.3
TOTAL Energy Efficiency 92 $488.6
Solar (CM) 2 $1.6
TOTAL Renewable Energy 2 $1.6
Smart Grid Investment and Demonstrations Project (CM)3
State and Local Energy Assurance and Regulatory Assistance (F) 5 $3.5
Smart Grid Workforce Training (CM) 1 $5.0
TOTAL Electric Grid 14 $270.1
Advanced Battery Manufacturing (CM) 1 $95.5
Advanced Fuels (CM) 2 $74.3
Additional Programs (CM) 1 $2.4
TOTAL Transportation 4 $172.2
Research and Training (CM) 1 $0.3
TOTAL Carbon Capture and Storage 1 $0.3
Science and Innovation
Small Business Research (SBIR/STTR) (CM) 8 $1.2
National Laboratory Facilities (C) 1 $0.6
Additional Programs 1 $0.9
TOTAL Science and Innovation 10 $2.7
TOTAL - DOE Programs4
Grants for Energy Property in Lieu of Tax Credits (1603) 32 $47.8
Clean Energy Manufacturing (48C) 1 $20.4
TOTAL Tax Incentives 33 $68.2
TOTAL - DOE/Treasury + DOE 156 $1,003.7
F=Formula Grant, CM=Competitive Grant, C=Contract
"Selected" indicates DOE has selected a potential funding recipient, which begins the process of negotiating an agreement. This does not necessarily indicate that a final agreement has been reached.
Projects may cross state boundaries, signifies HQ location.
Total does not include administrative funds.
Jointly administered by DOE and the U.S. Department of Treasury.
U.S. Department of Energy
ENERGY EFFICIENCY – 92 projects totaling $488.6 million
Helping millions of American families cut utility bills by making homes and appliances more
energy efficient, expanding the home efficiency industry in sales and manufacturing. For more
information, visit http://www.energy.gov/recovery/energyefficiency.htm.
Award(s): $176 million, Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)
Florida has received $176 million to scale‐up existing weatherization efforts in the state, creating jobs, reducing carbon emissions and saving money for Florida’s low‐income families. Over the course of the Recovery Act, Florida expects to weatherize nearly 19,100 homes. The Weatherization Assistance Program annually provides grant funds to community action agencies, local governments, Indian tribes and non‐profit agencies to provide specific program services for low‐income families of Florida. These entities provide program services throughout the state. The mission of the program is to reduce the monthly energy burden on low‐income households by improving the energy efficiency of the home.
Award(s): $126.1 million, State Energy Program (SEP)
The Executive Office of the Governor of Florida has received $126.1 million to invest in state‐level energy efficiency and renewable energy priorities. These funds will be allocated towards a variety of projects statewide, including the Florida Clean Energy Opportunity Fund, created to increase the availability of seed capital and early state venture capital for emerging clean technology companies in Florida. Examples of other projects include Solar for Schools & Shelters, Solar Energy (Water Heating) Loan, the Florida Energy Opportunity Fund and the Florida Residential Retrofit Program.
Award(s): 87 totaling $168.6 million, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program
Eighty‐seven communities in Florida received a total of $168.6 million to develop, promote,
implement and manage local energy efficiency programs.
The EECBG funding will support energy reviews and efficiency modifications in residential and commercial buildings, advanced building codes and inspections and financial incentive programs for 4 energy efficiency improvements. Other activities eligible for use of grant funds include transportation programs that conserve energy, projects to reduce and capture methane and other greenhouse gas emissions from landfills, renewable energy installations on government buildings, energy efficient lighting for traffic signals and street lights and other actions that conserve energy.
Examples of EECBGs include:
The Executive Office of the Governor of Florida has received $17.6 million to offer consumer rebates for purchasing certain ENERGY STAR® appliances. ENERGY STAR appliances reduce energy use, thereby saving money for families, helping the environment and supporting the local economy. The Florida ENERGY STAR Appliance Rebate Program provides rebates on approximately 68,000 ENERGY
STAR appliances purchased from Florida retailers. These rebates bring at least $62 million into
Florida’s economy, in addition to generating at least $4 million in tax revenues. Retailers must
provide a sales receipt which includes the retailer’s name, address and purchase date and product
information such as type of appliance, model number and price.
Award(s): $491, Buildings and Appliance Market Transformation
Award(s): $491, Buildings and Appliance Market Transformation
The Buildings and Appliance Market Transformation project expands building codes, accelerates the pace of Appliance Standard test procedure development and improves the efficiency of commercial buildings’ operations by training building operators and commissioning agents. Miami received $491 to focus on expanding ENERGY STAR to accelerate development of energy efficient products and expand the ENERGY STAR brand into new areas.
Award(s): $300,000, Geologic Sequestration Training and Research Grant Program
Location: Key Biscayne
The University of Miami in Key Biscayne received $300,000 for an integrated geochemical and remote sensing approach to the monitoring, verification and accounting of carbon dioxide sequestered in deep geologic repositories. This approach uses high‐precision space geodesy (GPS and InSAR) to measure subtle surface displacements associated with pressure and volume changes at depth due to pumping of carbon dioxide. This methodology can be implemented at relatively low cost at proposed sequestration sites, requiring only the installation of a sparse network of GPS, seismic and geochemical stations, as well as low cost, commercial satellite imagery. This project supports at least two graduate students during research efforts.
Award(s): $250,000, Ground Source Heat Pumps
Florida International University in Miami received $250,000 to gather and analyze data to improve GHP loop design and efficiency in systems intended for use in hot and humid regions of the country.
RENEWABLE ENERGY – 35 projects totaling $69.8 million
Developing clean renewable resources in order to double our supply of renewable energy and
boost domestic renewable manufacturing capacity. For more information, visit
Award(s): 32 payments totaling $47.8 million from DOE