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    Posted November 28, 2012 by
    DannyH
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    Laval, Quebec

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    Microwave Radar Technology Research 10 of 12

     

    Introduction

    Electrical Conductivity, Metal, Water; Dielectric Heating; Dielectric Absorbers (ohmic energy loss of energy, conducting particles); Magnetic Absorbers (the magnetic hysteresis); Sea Water is usually one of the highest ratings in radar attenuation, it has ions and conducts electricity, and absorbs energy. If you think of a microwave oven water boils and metal "sparkles" but safe for most dry, plastic and ceramic type, and non-metallic containers. If you think of a Faraday Cage, it's a metallic enclosure that is grounded, when microwaves hit the metal the energy is absorbed and sent to or conducted to the ground.

    If you think about ground penetrating radar it is the moisture of the ground and its conductivity, clays, and the ferric content, ferric sand and rocks, slate with iron for example. If you think about the industry, it's about the thickness and density of concrete that contains metal, and the use of lead, a very dense metal, to shield from x-rays and radar.

    Strengths of Different Metals, unconfirmed information. All of these metal conduct electricity and Aluminum is a very good conductor similar to Copper, Lead is very dense and used for this reason in many different industrial applications, Titanium is a very strong metal and microwaves can actually bounce because of this hardness, Magnesium is the earth metal in the oceans, high attenuation, and has different properties linked to its name, magnetic wave interference aka MgZn (magnetic hysteresis effects) see the article parts further on the page.

    Faraday Cages (shielding and attenuation)

    Faraday Cages can be used to shield from radar and microwaves, a  faraday cage is simply a metal inclosure that is grounded, as the radar  hits the metal inclosure the energy is attenuated and dispersed towards  the ground.

    Faraday Cages and Radar Assaults

     

    Faraday cages cannot  block static and slowly varying magnetic fields, such as Earth's  magnetic field (a compass will still work inside). To a large degree  though, they also shield the interior from external electromagnetic  radiation (radar for example) if the conductor is thick enough and any  holes are significantly smaller than the radiation's wavelength.

     

    For  example, certain computer forensic test procedures of electronic  components or systems that require an environment devoid of  electromagnetic interference may be conducted within a screen room.  These screen rooms are essentially work areas that are completely  enclosed by one or more layers of fine metal mesh or perforated sheet  metal.

     

    The metal layers are grounded to dissipate any electric  currents generated from the external electromagnetic fields and thus  block a large amount of the electromagnetic interference. See also  electromagnetic shielding.

     

    The reception of external radio  signals, a form of electromagnetic radiation, through an antenna within a  cage can be greatly attenuated or even completely blocked by the cage  itself.

     

    1. Metal Inclosure (if the conductor is think enough, ex: metal plates/sheet).
    2.  The metal layers are grounded to dissipate any electric currents  generated from the external electromagnetic radiation (ex: radio waves,  radar).
    3. The reception of external radio signals, a form of  electromagnetic radiation (radar for example), through an antenna within  a cage can be greatly attenuated or even completely blocked by the cage  itself.

     

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faraday_cage

    Sea Water and Sea Salt

    Sea Water has a high radar attenuation rating. Sea Water Salt contains Magnesium, Mg2+ 3.7%, an Earth Metal, which makes the water conduct electricity. The idea is that Mg plays a high role in attenuation along with the water, water is a dielectric. Free Sea Water can be added to free containers as a cheap attenuation solution for anyone targeted from neighboring homes, .. , radiation technology, powerful radar, focused ultrasound aka HSS or LRAD systems technologies, serious illness, lung cancer, leukemia, human rights violations. (Sea Salt, Epsom Salt, Mg). .. The water is also good protection against focused ultrasound.

    The composition of Sea Water Salt is Cl− 55%, Na+  30.6%, SO2−4 7.7%, Mg2+ 3.7%, Ca2+ 1.2%, K+ 1.1%. -- The composition of  Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salt) MgSO47H2O.

    Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects

     

    "Four  types of effects were originally reported in multiple studies:  increased spontaneous abortion, shifts in red and white blood cell  counts, increased somatic mutation rates in lymphocytes, and increased  childhood, testicular, and other cancers."

     

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1469943/

    [7] Abstract

    Public and occupational exposures to microwave (RF) are of two main types. The first type of exposures are those connected with military and industrial uses and, to some extent broadcast exposures. It is this type that most of the data cited in this study draw upon. The second type, cellular telephones and their associated broadcast requirements, have raised concerns about current exposures because of their increasingly widespread use. Four types of effects were originally reported in multiple studies: increased spontaneous abortion, shifts in red and white blood cell counts, increased somatic mutation rates in lymphocytes, and increased childhood, testicular, and other cancers. In addition, there is evidence of generalized increased disability rates from a variety of causes in one study and symptoms of sensitivity reactions and lenticular opacity in at least one other. These findings suggest that RF exposures are potentially carcinogenic and have other health effects. Therefore, prudent avoidance of unneeded exposures is recommended as a precautionary measure. Epidemiologic studies of occupational groups such as military users and air traffic controllers should have high priority because their exposures can be reasonably well characterized and the effects reported are suitable for epidemiologic monitoring. Additional community studies are needed.

    Magnetic and Dielectric Microwave Absorbing Thin Sheets
    http://www.sbfisica.org.br/rfai/Vol15/Num1/v15_24.pdf

    The aim of this work is to present radar cross section (RCS) measurements of a panel constituted of a flat aluminum plate with and without radar absorbing materials (RAM) type thin rubber sheets, in the range of 8 – 12 GHz. Two different loads were evaluated in the RAM formulation: 1. Magnetic (ferrites - MnZn, NiZn and MgZn based), and 2. Dielectric (conducting polymers - polyaniline based). -- Radar absorbing materials can be classified in two broad categories, either dielectric or magnetic absorbers [1-7]. Dielectric absorbers depend on the ohmic loss of energy that can be achieved by loading lossy fillers like carbon, graphite, conducting polymers or metal particles/powder into a polymeric matrix. Among the dielectric properties can be cited the dielectric constant and the loss tangent (tan Æ). Magnetic absorbers depend on the magnetic hysteresis effect, which is obtained when particles like ferrites are filled into a polymeric matrix [4,5].

     

    1. Magnetic: MnZn, NiZn, MgZn ferrites and iron carbonyl in an elastomeric matrix (urethane or silicone rubber), in the form of thin flexible sheets. The loads were filled in the matrix with ratio weight of 20% MnZn, 10%NiZn, 5% MgZn and 5% iron carbonyl. Physico-chemical characteristics of the fillers and the polyurethane and silicone resins as well as the sheet preparation procedures were previously described [1, 9-12, 14-16].

    2. Dielectric: conducting polymer - based on polyaniline (PAni), in a elastomeric matrix (EPDM – etilene-propilenediene terpolymer), in form of thin flexible sheets. Blends of EPDM/doped PAni were prepared in an internal mixer coupled to a torque Rheometer (Haake Rheocord 90) in a ratio 70/30 w/w. This procedure was previously described [13,17-19]. III

     

    The results showed a RCS reduction of 55-98% and of 40-95%, when the magnetic and the dielectric panels, were impinged at normal incidence, respectively.
    The magnetic sheets showed more effective to attenuate the incident radiation that the RAM loaded with conducting polymer in the frequence range of 8-12 GHz. However, considering that PAni loaded RAM is nearly five times lighter than the magnetic one, its application in aeronautical field is very promising.

     

    Radar absorbing materials based on titanium thin film
    http://www.jatm.com.br/papers/vol3_n3/JATMv3n3_p279-286_Radar_absorbing_materials_based_on_titanium_thin_film_obtained_by_sputtering_technique.pdf

     

    RAM are characterized by converting the energy of electromagnetic wave into thermal energy. Such materials are classified in two types, according to their interactions with the electromagnetic wave: materials with dielectric losses, which interact with the wave electric field, and materials with magnetic losses, which interact with the wave magnetic field.

    The RAM studied in this paper is a metallic thin film with dielectric losses. In this case, when an external electric field is applied, several electric dipoles on the dielectric material (thin film) are formed. These dielectric dipoles are guided by the applied electric field. The interaction between the dipoles and the electric field leads to the formation of aligned dipoles, according to the applied electric field, enabling the material to store potential electric energy (Folgueras and Rezende, 2007). -- As mentioned in the literature, metals are excellent reflectors of microwaves, since they tend to keep null the electric field on their surfaces (Mayes, 2006). However, some metals and transition metals may behave as absorbers when reduced to nanometer thickness. As previously cited, Kantal films with thicknesses varying from 10 to 200 nm perform effectively as RAM when used as coating on waveguide internal walls (Bhat, Datta and Suresh, 1998). In comparison to conventional RAM, the nanometer films can present similar electromagnetic wave attenuation performance, but they are lighter. -- Therefore, thin films are able to interact with the electromagnetic wave, forming electric dipoles. In this particular case, the mechanism of absorption is based on the polarization of the metallic film and losses. Firstly, when the electromagnetic wave reaches the film it becomes polarized by the wave electric field and, consequently, electric current (Eddy currents) is produced due to the induced polarization. After that, the electromagnetic wave energy is changed into heat through the known Joule effect (Balanis, 1989; Nohara, 2003), due to the presence of defects in the crystalline structure of the nanofilm, which confers resistance to the electric current.

    Paint

     

    An enamel paint is a paint that dries to an especially hard, usually glossy, finish. Enamel paints sometimes contain glass powder or tiny metal flake fragments instead of the color pigments found in standard oil-based paints. Enamel paint is sometimes mixed with varnish or urethane to increase shine as well as assist its hardening process.

     

    Pigment or Filler

     

    Natural pigments include various clays, calcium carbonate, mica, silicas, and talcs. -- Hiding pigments, in making paint opaque, also protect the substrate from the harmful effects of ultraviolet light. Hiding pigments include titanium dioxide, phthalo blue, red iron oxide, and many others.

     

    Fillers are a special type of pigment that serve to thicken the film, support its structure and increase the volume of the paint. Fillers are usually cheap and inert materials, such as diatomaceous earth, talc, lime, barytes, clay, etc.  -- Paint manufacturers began replacing white lead pigments with the less toxic substitute, titanium white (titanium dioxide), -- Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula TiO2. When used as a pigment, it is called Titanium White, Pigment White 6, or CI 77891. -- Baryte, or barite, (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate.[2] The baryte group consists of baryte, celestine, anglesite and anhydrite. Baryte itself is generally white or colorless, and is the main source of barium. Baryte and celestine form a solid solution (Ba,Sr)SO4.[1] -- Baryte that is used as an aggregate in a "heavy" cement -- Permanent White: Barium sulphate (heavy spar), used as a white pigment or paint, -- . Talc is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.

    Magnesium (Mg)

    In vegetation magnesium is the metallic ion at the center of chlorophyll, and is thus a common additive to fertilizers. -- (this is linked to a theory that trees and plant life absorb of radation from the sun, chlorophyll, photosynthesis, etc., and deforestation leads to increase the Earth's core temperature when it absorbs more radiation from the sun and through climate change, which is similar to the radiation being reflected back into space by the white ice sheets in the north and south poles. Increasing the Earth's core temperature is linked to increasing volcanic activity, which is linked to the 5 mass extinctions in Earth's history. See Inspired by the Movie 2012, .. (videos))

     

    The Mg2+ cation is the second most abundant cation in seawater (occurring at about 12% of the mass of sodium there), which makes seawater and sea-salt an attractive commercial source of Mg. -- In 1618, a farmer at Epsom in England attempted to give his cows water from a well there. The cows refused to drink because of the water’s bitter taste, but the farmer noticed that the water seemed to heal scratches and rashes. The substance became known as Epsom salts and its fame spread; it was eventually recognized to be hydrated magnesium sulfate, MgSO4·7?H2O. -- Magnesium sulfate, as the heptahydrate called Epsom salts, is used as bath salts, as a laxative, and as a highly soluble fertilizer.

     

    Magnesium chloride, oxide, gluconate, malate, orotate, glycinate and citrate are all used as oral magnesium supplements. Oral magnesium supplements have been claimed to be therapeutic for some individuals who suffer from Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS).[citation needed] -- Spices, nuts, cereals, coffee, cocoa, tea, and vegetables are rich sources of magnesium.[30] Green leafy vegetables such as spinach are also rich in magnesium as they contain chlorophyll. Observations of reduced dietary magnesium intake in modern Western countries compared to earlier generations may be related to food refining and modern fertilizers that contain no magnesium. -- There has been some speculation that magnesium deficiency can lead to depression. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) magnesium has been found low in treatment-resistant suicidal depression and in patients that have attempted suicide. Brain magnesium has been found low in TRD using phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, an accurate means for measuring brain magnesium. Blood and CSF magnesium do not appear well-correlated with major depression.[37] Magnesium chloride in relatively small doses was found to be as effective in the treatment of depressed elderly type 2 diabetics with hypomagnesemia as imipramine 50 mg daily.[38]

    Faraday Cage Upgrade, Feb 6, 2012, Granite and Lead Panels

    Powerful radar shielding panels that are made from granite and lead, connected to a metal faraday cage through aluminum tape.

     

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_EwRM-gKxTE

     

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-743164

    The sea water or salt water faraday cage is probably the cheapest powerful radar attenuation method that I can think of and also shields from focused ultra sound technology or weapon type. Rocks or other material can also be placed inside the plastic containers with the sea water.

     

     

    Logan's Run, "Run Runner!"

    The movie scene illustrates the use of an energy weapon "run runner", in reality the mob is using powerful radar assaults "run away or get cancer" aka "Run Runner!".

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-629378

     

    Ted Talks; Focused Ultrasound, Brain Lesions, "Hitting The Brain", Lobotomy, Stroke

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-747227

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=khowlGbarLI

     

     

    Ted Talks; Focused Ultrasound, Brain Lesions, "Hitting The Brain", Lobotomy, Stroke

    Focused Ultrasound for use in the medical field can also be used in domestic homicides, "hitting the brain" similar to attempts to poison a person's brain with lead, and similar to powerful radar assaults linked to leukemia and other deadly cancers, can be used from neighboring homes.

    The 2005 Award Winning sound technology HSS Hypersonic Sound that creates sound at great distances and in specific targeted locations also uses focused ultrasound, a possible like to stroke and heart attack victims.

    What Are the Different Types of Brain Lesions?

    Although they share a common definition -- injury or damage to tissue within the brain -- brain lesions vary greatly. Here are some common brain lesions.

    Cerebral infarction: Infarction refers to death of tissue. So a cerebral infarction is a brain lesion in which a cluster of brain cells have died. Most often, this brain lesion is caused by a stroke.

    LRAD® (Long Range Acoustic Device™), HSS Hypersonic Sound Technology - CNN iReport (article link)

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-814622

    "What makes the LRAD product unique is its ability to transmit your message with exceptional voice intelligibility and tonal clarity in a highly directional beam, even with significant ambient noise. The directionality of the LRAD device reduces the risk of exposing nearby personnel or peripheral bystanders to harmful audio levels."

     

    "What makes the LRAD product unique is its ability to transmit your message with exceptional voice intelligibility and tonal clarity in a highly directional beam, even with significant ambient noise. The directionality of the LRAD device reduces the risk of exposing nearby personnel or peripheral bystanders to harmful audio levels."

     

    "Think about the ability to focus sound into a crowd of people on a football field and talk only to a selected few." -- Ultrasound, beyond the hearing level, used to create audible sound

     

    HSS Hypersonic Sound Technology and sound technology like the LRAD system are being used by organized crime to target citizens in there own homes from neighboring homes.

     

    It is used to sleep deprive targeted citizens, and combined with criminal harassment participant in public places  who add adrenaline and stress to high levels of sleep deprivation. To destroy a person's health over a long period of time and to eliminate their means of subsistence, if you can't sleep you cannot function. High levels of sleep deprivation prevents healing and recovery, linked to premature aging, and increases the risk of cancer.

     

    During criminal allegations proceedings it is used for criminal harassment, threats, intimidation, and high levels of sleep deprivation before important appearances in court. It is used for provocation combined with police surveillance and communication interception.

     

    This type of technology used to target citizens in their own homes is combined with another technology used to target citizens in their own homes, radiation technology and powerful radar linked to deadly cancers such as lung cancer and leukemia.

    HSS Hypersonic Sound

     

    "Elwood "Woody" Norris, founder and Chairman of American Technology Corporation (ATC), announced he had successfully created a device which achieved ultrasound transmission of sound in 1996.[5] ATC named and trademarked their device as "HyperSonic Sound" (HSS). In February 1998, HSS was named the Best of What's New for 1997 by readers of Popular Science.[6] In December 2002, Popular Science named HyperSonic Sound the best invention of 2002.[citation needed] Norris received the 2005 Lemelson-MIT Prize for his invention of a "hypersonic sound".[7] ATC (now named LRAD Corporation) spun off the technology to Parametric Sound Corporation in September 2010 to focus on their Long Range Acoustic Device products (LRAD), according to their quarterly reports, press releases and executive statements.[8][9]"

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-814622

     

    GPR Attenuation Summary

    The exponential attenuation coefficient, a, is primarily determined  by the ability of the material to conduct electrical currents. In simple  uniform materials this is usually the dominant factor; thus a  measurement of electrical conductivity (or resistivity) determines  attenuation.

     

    In most materials energy is also lost to scattering  from material variability and to water being present. Water has two  effects; first, water contains ions which contribute to bulk  conductivity. Second, the water molecule absorbs electromagnetic energy  at high frequencies typically above 1000 MHz (exactly the same mechanism  that accounts for why microwave ovens work).

     

    Attenuation  increases with frequency as depicted in Figure 2. In environments which  are amenable to GPR sounding there is usually a plateau in the  attenuation versus frequency curve which defines the "GPR window".

     

    Attenuation  varies with excitation frequency and material. This family of graphs  depicts general trends. At low frequencies (<1 MHz) attenuation is  primarily controlled by DC conductivity. At high frequencies (> 1000  MHz) water is a strong energy absorber.

     

    Lowering frequency  improves depth of exploration because attenuation primarily increases  with frequency. As frequency decreases, however, two other fundamental  aspects of the GPR measurement come into play.

    Evaluation of Road Pavement Density Using Ground Penetrating Radar
    http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jest.2009.100.111

     

    From   the Fig. 6, it can be found that the density of the road pavement is   proportional with attenuation for all the frequencies. In other words,   the high density would produce the high attenuation. This due to the   fact that the more electromagnetic energy will be absorbed more by the   molecules of the road pavement with high density compared with the lower   density. This is valid for all frequencies as can be seen in Fig.  6a-d.  Besides, it also clearly can be seen that the increasing of the   frequency would produced the highest attenuation. It can be proved in   Fig. 6d, the highest frequency, 2.6 GHz produce the range of the   attenuation is from 57.09 to 71.09 dB whereas the lowest frequency, 1.7   GHz produces the range from 38.88 to 50.98 dB as can be seen in Fig. 6d   and a, respectively. Thus, it is interesting to note that density  plays  an important factor in causing a major difference in the  attenuation of  GPR signal. -- From Fig. 6, as expected, the attenuation   increases with the increasing of density. Generally, the measured   attenuation of various road pavement samples shows a good agreement and   acceptable results. The proportional relationship between the   attenuation and density show that this approach is suitable in this   purpose. From the results, it is interesting to consider that based on   the characteristic of road pavement molecules, a microwave passing   through the road pavement is absorbed by the molecules and the quantity   of attenuation change according to the density. --

     

    CONCLUSION

     

    This   study discussed an approach to get a relationship between attenuation   and density for various densities of pavement slab samples. From the   results, it can be concluded that the different density of pavement slab   sample gave an effect for received signal strength and attenuation   where the attenuation will increase with the increasing of the density.   It is found that density plays an important factor in causing a major   difference in the recorded signal strength. Therefore ground  penetrating  radar data is influenced greatly by density, the void from  the  materials that will cause power strength data difference and  frequencies  used whether in the range of 1.7 GHz towards 2.6 GHz. It is  also can be  found that the increasing of the frequency will causes  increasing of  the attenuation. The recommended frequency in this study  is 1.7 GHz  because it gave a more consistent reading and low  sensitivity compared  with other frequencies such as 2.6 GHz. The four  best fitting equations  from the results also produce the linear  equations where the density  will increase with the increasing of  attenuation. The figure can be used  as a calibration chart where the  values of density can be read out  directly once the attenuation value  are known at various testing. In  future development, the GPR result  from this study can be used for  further GPR research that capable to  characterize more properties of  road pavement sample.

    Ground-Penetrating Radar

    http://www.epa.gov/esd/cmb/GeophysicsWebsite/pages/reference/methods/Surface_Geophysical_Methods/Electromagnetic_Methods/Ground-Penetrating_Radar.htm

    Basic Concept

    Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) uses a               high-frequency (e.g. 40 to 1,500 MHz) EM pulse transmitted from a               radar antenna to probe the earth.  The transmitted radar               pulses are reflected from various interfaces within the ground,               and this return is detected by the radar receiver.                Reflecting interfaces may be soil horizons, the groundwater               surface, soil/rock interfaces, man-made objects, or any other               interface possessing a contrast in dielectric properties.                The dielectric properties of materials correlate with many of the               mechanical and geologic parameters of materials.

    The radar signal is imparted to the ground by an antenna  that is               in close proximity to the ground.  The reflected signals  can               be detected by the transmitting antenna or by a second,  separate               receiving antenna.  The received signals are processed and               displayed on a graphic recorder.  As the antenna (or  antenna               pair) is moved along the surface, the graphic recorder  displays               results in a cross-section record or radar image of the               earth.  As GPR has short wavelengths in most earth               materials, resolution of interfaces and discrete objects  is very               good.  However, the attenuation of the signals in earth               materials is high, and depths of penetration seldom exceed  10               m.  Clay materials with a high cation exchange capacity  increase the attenuation and decreasing penetration. Additonally, the  presence of solutes or other substances which increase the electrical  conductance of groundwater and have the same attenuation and penetration  results.

    The objective of GPR surveys is to map near-surface               interfaces.  For many surveys, the location of objects such               as tanks or pipes in the subsurface is the objective.                Dielectric properties of materials are not measured               directly.  The method is most useful for detecting changes               in the geometry of subsurface interfaces.

    Geologic problems conducive to solution by GPR methods are               numerous and include the following: bedrock configuration,               location of pipes and tanks, location of the groundwater surface,               borrow investigations, and others.  Geologic and geophysical               objectives determine the specific field parameters and               techniques.  Delineation of the objectives and the envelope               of acceptable parameters are specified in advance.  However,               as the results cannot be foreseen from the office, considerable               latitude is given to the field geophysicist to incorporate               changes in methods and techniques.

    The following questions are important considerations in advance               of a GPR survey.

    What is the target depth?  Though target detection has been               reported under unusually favorable circumstances at depths of 100               m or more, a careful feasibility evaluation is necessary if the               investigation depths need to exceed 10 m.

    What is the target geometry?  Size, orientation, and               composition are important.

    a)  What are the               electrical properties of the target?  As with all               geophysical methods, a contrast in physical properties must be               present.  Dielectric constant and electrical conductivity               are the important parameters.  Conductivity is most likely               to be known or easily estimated.

    b)  What are the               electrical properties of the host material?  Both the               electrical properties and homogeneity of the host must be               evaluated.  Attenuation of the signal is dependent on the               electrical properties and on the number of minor interfaces that               will scatter the signal.

    c)  Are there any possible               interfering effects?  Radio frequency transmitters,               extensive metal structures (including cars) and power poles are               probable interfering effects for GPR.

    The physics of electromagnetic wave propagation are beyond the               scope of this manual.  However, there are two physical               parameters of materials that are important in wave propagation at               GPR frequencies.  One property is conductivity (σ),               the inverse of electrical resistivity (ρ).  The               relationships of earth material properties to conductivity,               measured in mS/m (1/1,000 Ωm), are given in the section on               electrical methods.

    The other physical property of importance at GPR frequencies is               the dielectric constant (ε), which is               dimensionless.  This property is related to how a material               reacts to a steady-state electric field; that is, conditions               where a potential difference exists but no charge is flowing.                Such a condition exists between the plates of a charged capacitor.  A vacuum has the lowest ε, and the               performance of other materials is related to that of a               vacuum.  Materials made up of polar molecules, such as               water, have a high ε.  Physically, a great deal of               the energy in an EM field is consumed in interaction with the               molecules of water or other polarizable materials.  Thus,               waves propagating through such a material both go slower and are               subject to more attenuation.

    Earth Material Properties

    The roles of two earth materials that cause important variations               in the EM response in a GPR survey need to be appreciated.                The ubiquitous component of earth materials is water; the other               material is clay.  At GPR frequencies, the polar nature of               the water molecule causes it to contribute disproportionately to               the displacement currents that dominate the current flow at GPR               frequencies.  Thus, if significant amounts of water are               present, the ε will be high, and the velocity of               propagation of the electromagnetic wave will be lowered.                Clay materials with their trapped ions behave similarly.                Additionally, many clay minerals also retain water.

    The physical parameters in table 18 are typical for the               Characterization of earth materials.  The range for each               parameter is large; thus, the application of these parameters for               field use is not elementary.

    Simplified equations for attenuation and velocity (at low loss)               are:

    (1)

    (2)

    where

    V = velocity in m/s,

    ε = dielectric constant (dimensionless),

    a = attenuation in decibels/m             (db/m),

    σ = electrical conductivity in mS/m.

    A common evaluation parameter is               dynamic range or performance figure for the specific GPR system.  The performance figure represents the total               attenuation loss during the two-way transit of the EM wave that               allows reception; greater losses will not be recorded.  As               sample calculations, consider a conductive material (σ =               100 mS/m) with some water content (ε=20).  The               above equations indicate a velocity of 0.07 m per nanosecond               (m/ns) and an attenuation of 38 dB/m.  A GPR system with 100               dB of dynamic range used for this material will cause the signal               to become undetectable in 2.6 m of travel.

    The transit time for 2.6 m of travel would be 37 to             38 ns.  This case might correspond geologically to a clay             material with some water saturation.  Alternatively, consider             a dry material (ε=5) with low conductivity (σ =             5 mS/m).  The calculated velocity is 0.13 m/ns and the             attenuation is 3.8 dB/m, corresponding to a distance of             26‑27 m for 100 dB of attenuation and a travel time of             200 ns or more.  This example might correspond to dry             sedimentary rocks.

    These large variations in velocity and especially               attenuation are the cause of success (target detection) and               failure (insufficient penetration) for surveys in apparently               similar geologic settings.  As exhaustive catalogs of the               properties of specific earth materials are not readily available,               most GPR work is based on trial and error and empirical findings.

    Table 1. Electromagnetic properties of earth materials.

     

    MaterialECondutivity
    Velocity, (m/ns)
    Attenuation, (dB/m)
    Air10
    0.3
    0
    Distilled Water800.001
    0.033
    0.002
    Frest Water800.5
    0.033
    0.1
    Sea Water803,000
    0.01
    1,000
    Dry Sand3-50.01
    0.15
    0.01
    Wet Sand20-300.1-1
    0.06
    0.03-0.3
    Limestone4-80.5-2
    0.12
    0.4-1
    Shales5-151-100
    0.09
    1-100
    Silts5-301-100
    0.07
    1-100
    Clays5-402-1,000
    0.06
    1-300
    Granite4-60.01-1
    0.13
    0.01-1
    Dry Salt5-60.01-1
    0.13
    0.01-1
    Ice3-40.01
    0.16
    0.01
    Metal



     

    Radar Attenuation: Slate and Granite

    One x-ray and radar attenuation method consists of adding barite, Barium (Ba), to cement to increase its attenuation. Similar to lead it is dense, number 56 on the periodic table and an Earth Metal like Magnesium (Mg) and Calcium (Ca).

    Dolomite is a carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO3)2. The term is also used to describe the sedimentary carbonate rock dolostone. -- Dolostone (dolomite rock) is composed predominantly of the mineral dolomite with a stoichiometric ratio of 50% or greater content of magnesium replacing calcium, often as a result of diagenesis. Limestone that is partially replaced by dolomite is referred to as dolomitic limestone, or in old U.S. geologic literature as magnesian limestone.

    Particle physics researchers prefer to build particle detectors under layers of dolomite to enable the detectors to detect the highest possible number of exotic particles. Because dolomite contains relatively minor quantities of radioactive materials, it can insulate against interference from cosmic rays without adding to background radiation levels.

    Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Many limestones are composed from skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral or foraminifera. -- Some limestones do not consist of grains at all, and are formed completely by the chemical precipitation of calcite or aragonite, i.e. travertine. -- Limestone may be crystalline, clastic, granular, or massive, depending on the method of formation. Crystals of calcite, quartz, dolomite or barite may line small cavities in the rock. -- Travertine is a banded, compact variety of limestone formed along streams, particularly where there are waterfalls, and around hot or cold springs. Calcium carbonate is deposited where evaporation of the water leaves a solution supersaturated with the chemical constituents of calcite. Tufa, a porous or cellular variety of travertine, is found near waterfalls. Coquina is a poorly consolidated limestone composed of pieces of coral or shells. -- During regional metamorphism that occurs during the mountain building process (orogeny), limestone recrystallizes into marble. -- It is the raw material for the manufacture of quicklime (calcium oxide), slaked lime (calcium hydroxide), cement and mortar. -- Lime is a general term for calcium-containing inorganic materials, in  which carbonates, oxides and hydroxides predominate. Strictly speaking,  lime is calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide. -- These materials are still  used in large quantities as building and engineering materials  (including limestone products, concrete and mortar) and as chemical  feedstocks, among other uses. Lime industries and the use of many of the  resulting products date from prehistoric periods in both the Old World  and the New World. Lime is used extensively for waste water treatment  with ferrous sulfate. -- The rocks and minerals from which these  materials are derived, typically limestone or chalk, are composed  primarily of calcium carbonate. They may be cut, crushed or pulverized  and chemically altered. "Burning" (calcination) converts them into the  highly caustic material quicklime (calcium oxide, CaO) and, through  subsequent addition of water, into the less caustic (but still strongly  alkaline) slaked lime or hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2), the  process of which is called slaking of lime. -- Gypsum is a very soft  sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical  formula CaSO4·2H2O.

     

    Magnesite is magnesium carbonate, MgCO3. Iron (as Fe2+) substitutes for magnesium (Mg) with a complete solution series with siderite, FeCO3. Calcium, manganese, cobalt, and nickel may also occur in small amounts. Dolomite, (Mg,Ca)CO3, is almost indistinguishable from magnesite.

     

    Benitoite (ben-EE-toe-ite) is a rare blue barium titanium silicate mineral, found in hydrothermally altered serpentinite. Benitoite fluoresces under short wave ultraviolet light, appearing bright blue to bluish white in color. The more rarely seen clear to white benitoite crystals fluoresce red under long-wave UV light.

    Ferric Slate Test

    An example of ferric slate that would help attenuate microwaves and  radar is rusty slate (rusty iron content) and charcoal slate  (graphite/carbon dielectric). One radar attenuation research  document claims that magnetic metals, MgZn  and MnZn, are better than  dielectric types carbon/graphite at attenuating radar. Lead is used in  the industry for its density and relatively low cost but toxic, a  neuro-toxin, iron is the cheapest metal. -- Grey  Slate contains a high amount of alumina, aluminum is a metal and  reflects radar, and Granites like Dark Granites can also contain  aluminum, iron, titanium, etc.

    Slate Stone

    Description: Slate Stone or simply slate is compact metamorphic rock, composed primarily of silica and alumina. Alumina - Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) -- Chemical Properties of Slatestone -- The necessary mineral composition of a slate-stone consists of members of mica group and clay group. -- The  mica group includes sericite and muscovite. Among these, sericite is an  alteration mineral of plagioclase feldspars and muscovite is a  phyllosilicate mineral of potassium and aluminum.  -- The second  group, i.e., clay group consists of paragonite, kaonilite, and chlorite.  Oxides, quartz, feldspar, calcites, and little amount of  ferro-magnesium constitutes the accessory minerals.

     

    Granite

     

    Granite - An unstratified igneous rock composed of coarse grains or crystals of quartz, feldspar, mica and sometimes hornblende.
    Biotite  - A dark, iron and magnesium-rich mica found in granite. Biotite or  black mica, K(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)Si3O10(OH,F)2, is rich in iron and  magnesium and typically occurs in mafic rocks. Biotite occurs widely  throughout many different rock types, adding glitter to schist, "pepper"  in salt-and-pepper granite, and darkness to sandstones. But it is the  predominant mica in mafic rocks like gabbro.
    Feldspar - Any of a  group of crystalline minerals, all silicates of aluminum with either  potassium, sodium, calcium, or barium. An essential constituent of  nearly all crystalline rocks.
    Hornblende - A group of minerals  including calcium, iron, magnesium, and aluminum silicates. --  Hornblende is the most common amphibole; it is usually black, shiny and  brittle. A long, dark mineral with abundant cleavage faces in a granitic  rock is hornblende more often than not. The chemical makeup of  hornblende is quite variable, so its formula is ugly:  (Ca,Na)2-3(Mg,Fe+2,Fe+3,Al)5(OH)2[(Si,Al)8O22]. Hornblende is usually  black but can also be dark green or brown. It is a common primary  mineral in granitic rocks and a common metamorphic mineral in gneiss and  schist.
    Kaolinite - A hydrous aluminum silicate mineral.
    Muscovite - A white, aluminum-rich mica found in granite.
    Gabbro  is a dark plutonic rock that is considered to be the plutonic  equivalent of basalt. -- This particular gabbro is mostly hornblende,  magnetite and light-colored plagioclase.

     

    Granite consists mainly  of quartz, feldspar, and ferromagnesian ("dark") minerals: hornblende,  augite, and biotite (though not necessarily). The overall color of  granite is due mainly to the feldspar: pink, gray, greenish, white, and  even bluish. Black-looking "granites" get their color from a high  percentage of hornblende or other dark mineral; but by this point they  are not really granites anymore (see "diorite" and "gabbro").

     

    Microwave Oven (Wikipedia)

    MICROWAVE OVEN, A microwave oven passes (non-ionizing) microwave radiation (at a frequency near 2.45 GHz) through food, causing dielectric heating primarily by absorption of the energy in water. Microwave ovens became  common kitchen appliances in Western countries in the late 1970s,  following development of inexpensive cavity magnetrons. Water in the  liquid state possesses many molecular interactions that broaden the  absorption peak. In the vapor phase, isolated water molecules absorb at  around 22 GHz, almost ten times the frequency of the microwave oven.

     

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microwave

     

    PRINCIPLES,  A microwave oven works by passing non-ionizing microwave radiation,  usually at a frequency of 2.45 gigahertz (GHz)—a wavelength of 122  millimetres (4.80 in)—through the food. Microwave radiation is between  common radio and infrared frequencies. Water, fat, and other substances  in the food absorb energy from the microwaves in a process called dielectric heating.  Many molecules (such as those of water) are electric dipoles, meaning  that they have a partial positive charge at one end and a partial  negative charge at the other, and therefore rotate as they try to align  themselves with the alternating electric field of the microwaves.  Rotating molecules hit other molecules and put them into motion, thus  dispersing energy. This energy, when dispersed as molecular vibration in  solids and liquids (i.e., as both potential energy and kinetic energy  of atoms), is heat.

     

    Microwave heating is more efficient on liquid  water than on frozen water, where the movement of molecules is more  restricted. It is also less efficient on fats and sugars (which have a  smaller molecular dipole moment) than on liquid water.[10] Microwave  heating is sometimes explained as a resonance of water molecules, but  this is incorrect: such resonance only occurs in water vapor at much  higher frequencies, at about 20 GHz.[11] Moreover, large  industrial/commercial microwave ovens operating at the common large  industrial-oven microwave heating frequency of 915 MHz—wavelength 328  millimetres (12.9 in)—also heat water and food perfectly well.[12]

     

    FARADAY  CAGE, The cooking chamber is in fact a Faraday cage, and it prevents  the waves from coming out of the oven. The oven door usually has a  window for easy viewing, but the window has a layer of conductive mesh  some distance from the outer panel to maintain the shielding. Because  the size of the perforations in the mesh is much less than the  microwaves' wavelength, most of the microwave radiation cannot pass  through the door, while visible light (with a much shorter wavelength)  can.

     

    METAL AND ALUMINUM, Frozen dinners, pies, and microwave  popcorn bags often contain a thin susceptor made from aluminium film in  the packaging or included on a small paper tray. The metal film absorbs  microwave energy efficiently and consequently becomes extremely hot and  radiates in the infrared, concentrating the heating of oil for popcorn  or even browning surfaces of frozen foods. Heating packages or trays  containing susceptors are designed for single use and are discarded as  waste. -- Any metal or conductive object placed into the microwave will  act as an antenna to some degree, resulting in an electric current. This  causes the object to act as a heating element. This effect varies with  the object's shape and composition, and is sometimes utilized for  cooking.

     

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microwave_oven

    Microwave Research: Industry Canada Spectrum Management and Telecommunications

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-522475

     

    Microwave and Radiation:

     

    "Childhood leukemia can occur if a fetus is exposed to x-rays during the first trimester of pregnancy." - Prescription for Nutritional Healing fourth edition p. 662

     

    Microwave (radar) Technology:

     

    UWB 1.6–10.5 GHz 18.75 cm – 2.8 cm used for through-the-wall radar and imaging systems.

     

    Weather Radar etc:
    S 2–4 GHz 7.5–15 cm 'S' for 'short'
    C 4–8 GHz 3.75–7.5 cm
    X 8–12 GHz 2.5–3.75 cm

    Longer waves like UWB can penetrate through walls or dry objects.

     

    Radar frequency bands Band name Frequency range Wavelength range Notes

     

    HF 3–30 MHz 10–100 m coastal radar systems, over-the-horizon radar (OTH) radars; 'high frequency'

     

    P < 300 MHz 1 m+ 'P' for 'previous', applied retrospectively to early radar systems

     

    VHF 30–300 MHz 1–10 m Very long range, ground penetrating; 'very high frequency'

     

    UHF 300–1000 MHz 0.3–1 m Very long range (e.g. ballistic missile early warning), ground penetrating, foliage penetrating; 'ultra high frequency'

     

    L 1–2 GHz 15–30 cm Long range air traffic control and surveillance; 'L' for 'long'

     

    S 2–4 GHz 7.5–15 cm Moderate range surveillance, Terminal air traffic control, long-range weather, marine radar; 'S' for 'short'

     

    C 4–8 GHz 3.75–7.5 cm Satellite transponders; a compromise (hence 'C') between X and S bands; weather; long range tracking

     

    X 8–12 GHz 2.5–3.75 cm Missile guidance, marine radar, weather, medium-resolution mapping and ground surveillance; in the USA the narrow range 10.525 GHz ±25 MHz is used for airport radar; short range tracking. Named X band because the frequency was a secret during WW2.

     

    Ku 12–18 GHz 1.67–2.5 cm high-resolution

     

    K 18–24 GHz 1.11–1.67 cm from German kurz, meaning 'short'; limited use due to absorption by water vapour, so Ku and Ka were used instead for surveillance. K-band is used for detecting clouds by meteorologists, and by police for detecting speeding motorists. K-band radar guns operate at 24.150 ± 0.100 GHz.

     

    Ka 24–40 GHz 0.75–1.11 cm mapping, short range, airport surveillance; frequency just above K band (hence 'a') Photo radar, used to trigger cameras which take pictures of license plates of cars running red lights, operates at 34.300 ± 0.100 GHz.

     

    mm 40–300 GHz 7.5 mm – 1 mm millimetre band, subdivided as below. The frequency ranges depend on waveguide size. Multiple letters are assigned to these bands by different groups. These are from Baytron, a now defunct company that made test equipment.

     

    V 40–75 GHz 4.0 - 7.5 mm Very strongly absorbed by atmospheric oxygen, which resonates at 60 GHz.

     

    W 75–110 GHz 2.7 – 4.0 mm used as a visual sensor for experimental autonomous vehicles, high-resolution meteorological observation, and imaging.

     

    UWB 1.6–10.5 GHz 18.75 cm – 2.8 cm used for through-the-wall radar and imaging systems.

    Radar engineering: Radar components

     

    A radars components are:
    * A transmitter that generates the radio signal with an oscillator such as a klystron or a magnetron and controls its duration by a modulator.
    * A waveguide that links the transmitter and the antenna.
    * A duplexer that serves as a switch between the antenna and the transmitter or the receiver for the signal when the antenna is used in both situations.
    * A receiver. Knowing the shape of the desired received signal (a pulse), an optimal receiver can be designed using a matched filter.
    * An electronic section that controls all those devices and the antenna to perform the radar scan ordered by a software.
    * A link to end users.
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar

     

    Dear Lung Association
    I would like to inform you and address a concern linked to lung cancer. -- Criminal harassment networks, organized crime, is using microwave technology, radiation, in this case and issue of concern microwave radar technology, which irritates the lungs, irritation is linked to inflammation, and inflammation is linked to cancer, in this case lung cancer. -- The use of microwave radar technology in this manner is linked to criminal harassment, intimidation, physical harm linked to cell damage and irritation, and cancer, which can lead to a person's death, a form of assassination or murder. -- Lung cancer being the #1 killer of men and women. -- Sincerely,

    Powerful Radar Run Away Strategy Example - CNN iReport (article link)
    1. Radar assaults. -- 2. False allegations, searching a dwelling home and seizing computers, private information, without warrants. -- 3. Assessment order to escape false allegations and police wrong doing, no warrants, through non-criminal responsibility of having committed a crime when the accused has not committed a crime, a type of smear campaign. -- 4. Radar Run Away strategy, when the accused run's away an arrest warrant is issued, he looks guilty for coercion or threat of being framed, why did you run away? assaulted with radar, the assessment order for non-criminal responsibility is used when he is detained. -- 5. Another linked strategy is to inflict serious illness, cancer.
    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-735586

     

    Powerful Radar Assault Effects
    1. Powerful radar aimed at the shine bone, linked to leukemia. 2. At the lungs, burning and irritation, difficulty breathing, linked to lung cancer. 3. At the bone, joints, bone pain, linked to bone cancer. 4. Radar pulses or streams aimed at the testicles, testicular pain, linked to testicular cancer. 5. Radar streams aimed at the prostate area, painful area and urine loss issues, linked to prostate cancer. 6. At the neck and throat lymph-node area, possible link to neck, head, lymph-nodes, cancers.

     

    Articles

    Powerful Radar Attenuation Technology Blog - (blogs)

    Attenuation, dielectric properties, conductivity, faraday cage, sea salt, Mg2+, a blog about powerful radar assaults being used in modern society to inflict deadly cancers linked to repression similar to the use of homelessness and how to attenuate them. *the faraday cage really does work but it is a question of metal thickness, it needs to be thick. Grounded sea water containers may work as a type of faraday cage, water bottles attenuate another mobbing weapon, focused ultrasound.* -- *homicides through cancer equals a low homicide rate*

    1. The solutions that I'm currently using are: I've created (granite, aluminum, lead) panels and have 2' x 4' metal panels that I have painted to prevent rusting.

    2. I will now reconnect* these as a faraday cage to increase their attenuation factor, the faraday cage is grounded and sends the resulting current or energy from the radar assaults to the ground. The ground consists of copper wire attached to the cage and attached to a copper pipe in the ground, a modified extension cord that consists of only the electrical ground, and possibly connecting the ground of battery boosters.

    3. The conductor that I am using to connect the panels is aluminum tape.

    Another solution that I am using is filling bottles with dolomite rock (MgCa .. ) with epsom salt water, which also contains a lot of Mg. I do not know if using sea salt Mg2+ would be better.

    I have other attenuation materials that I have purchased, bags of white marble (dolomite), travertine tiles, bottles willed with water and green leaves, which all have a good dielectric property.

    *I've moved this shielding protection inclosure from my van, to inside a house, and now back inside of a van.

    Ground Penetrating Radar

    There are two physical parameters of materials that are important in wave propagation at GPR frequencies. One property is conductivity (σ), the inverse of electrical resistivity (ρ). -- The other physical property of importance at GPR frequencies is the dielectric constant (ε), which is dimensionless.This property is related to how a material reacts to a steady-state electric field; that is, conditions where a potential difference exists but no charge is flowing. Such a condition exists between the plates of a charged capacitor. -- Materials made up of polar molecules, such as water, have a high ε. Physically, a great deal of the energy in an EM field is consumed in interaction with the molecules of water or other polarizable materials. Thus, waves propagating through such a material both go slower and are subject to more attenuation.

     

    a = attenuation in decibels/m (db/m) involves the dielectric constant (water, metal) ε = dielectric constant (dimensionless) and the electrical conductivity of the material (sea water, metal, the faraday cage) σ = electrical conductivity in mS/m.

    Sea Salt and Mg2+

    The Mg2+ cation is the second most abundant cation in seawater. --  Seawater contains more dissolved ions than all types of freshwater. --  The most abundant dissolved ions in seawater are sodium, chloride,  magnesium, sulfate and calcium.

     

    The Perfection of Evolution,  sometimes all you have to do is look at what nature created to do  something. Plants eat the sun's radiation, they use chlorophyll, and  "magnesium is the metallic ion at the center of chlorophyll".

    Free Radar Attenuation Ideas

    Another free radar attenuation idea, no sea water and no money for sea salt, add shredded green leaves, they contain chlorophyll and magnesium (Mg), to free containers and add water, which equals "wet foliage" a ground penetrating radar term.

    Particle physics researchers prefer to build particle detectors under   layers of dolomite to enable the detectors to detect the highest   possible number of  exotic particles. Because dolomite contains   relatively minor  quantities of radioactive materials, it can insulate  against interference from cosmic rays without adding to background  radiation levels.

    Dolomite is a carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO3)2. -- greater content of magnesium replacing calcium,  -- Limestone that is partially replaced by dolomite is referred to as  dolomitic limestone, or in old U.S. geologic literature as magnesian  limestone. --

     

    One x-ray and radar attenuation method consists of adding barite, Barium (Ba), to  cement to increase its attenuation. Similar to lead it is dense, number  56 on the periodic table and an Earth Metal like Magnesium (Mg) and  Calcium (Ca).

    Mobbing in Modern Society

    Powerful radar, ground penetrating radar, etc., which are linked to different deadly cancers, leukemia, lung cancer, homicides on a longer term, etc., are being used to assault citizens in their own homes, it's an energy type weapon. Threats of police psychiatric intervention that leads to incarceration and assessment orders during criminal proceedings are used for any behavior linked to protection measures, shielding and attenuation. Assessment orders that can make false allegations valid without a trial, circumvent the right to a trial, and circumvent the charter violations presented at trial are also linked to this type of weapon.

    RADIATION TECHNOLOGY, POWERFUL RADAR, AND FOCUSED ULTRASOUND

    The mob and organized crime are using technology to target citizens and this is only a short summery of some of their use.

    DAMAGE

     

    TESTICLES; this organized crime network tries to damage   the testicles, which are linked to a man's health, testosterone   production, muscle loss, degrading themes, "turning men into women".
    THROAT   AND LYMPH-NODES; radiation technology is aimed at the throat and   lymph-node area, which burns and inflames the throat linked to throat   cancer, and burns the throat lymph-nodes, damaging them.
    LUNGS;  the  radiation technology and powerful radar are aimed at the lungs area,   which inflames and scares them, which are linked to deadly lung cancer.
    SHINS; powerful radar is aimed at the shin area, the shin bone, which is linked to damaging the bone marrow and leukemia.
    BLOOD; powerful radar is linked to shifting blood counts and leukemia.
    SLEEP   DEPRIVATION; sleep deprivation is linked to or used for premature   aging, drastically increases the risk of cancer, over sixty percent   increase, and stress is linked to most illnesses, over eighty percent.
    GROUND PENETRATING RADAR; from neighboring homes.
    HUMAN   RIGHTS; we hear of different human rights violations and more visible   violence by the "secret police" of other regimes like Egypt and Syria,   this technology and type of violence linked to serious illness,  leukemia  and cancer, are linked to the British Regimes such as Canada,  Great  Britain, and Australia. They ridicule victims and deny their  claims.

    Free Radar Attenuation Ideas, Sea Water Salt (Mg), Green Leaves (Mg), Dolomite (Mg), Magnesium (Mg) - CNN iReport (article link)

    Sea Water has a high radar attenuation rating, water is a dielectric, and Sea Water Salt contains Magnesium, Mg2+ 3.7%, an Earth Metal, which also makes the water conduct electricity. The idea is that Mg plays a high role in attenuation along with the water. Free Sea Water can be added to free containers as a cheap attenuation solution for anyone targeted from neighboring homes, ..

    http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-827810

    Sea Water has a high radar attenuation rating. The composition of (Sea Water Salt) is Cl− 55%, Na+  30.6%, SO2−4 7.7%, Mg2+ 3.7%, Ca2+ 1.2%, K+ 1.1%. The composition of  Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salt) MgSO47H2O.

    The Mg2+ cation is the second most abundant cation in seawater (occurring at about 12% of the mass of sodium there)

    Evolution, when you want to know how to do something sometimes  all you have to do is look at what nature created to do something.  Plants eat the sun's radiation, they use chlorophyll, and "magnesium is  the metallic ion at the center of chlorophyll".

    Another free radar attenuation idea, no sea water and no money for sea salt, add shredded green leaves, they contain chlorophyll and magnesium (Mg), to free containers and add water, which equals "wet foliage" a ground penetrating radar term.

    Dolomite is a carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO3)2. -- greater content of magnesium replacing calcium,  -- Limestone that is partially replaced by dolomite is referred to as  dolomitic limestone, or in old U.S. geologic literature as magnesian  limestone. --

    Marble, most marble consists of 90 percent or more of calcite or dolomite.
    Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
    Dolomite (dolostone) is a carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO3)2.

    Particle physics researchers prefer to build particle detectors under   layers of dolomite to enable the detectors to detect the highest   possible number of  exotic particles. Because dolomite contains   relatively minor  quantities of radioactive materials, it can insulate against interference from cosmic rays without adding to background radiation levels.

    One x-ray and radar attenuation method consists of adding barite, Barium (Ba), to  cement to increase its attenuation. Similar to lead it is dense, number  56 on the periodic table and an Earth Metal like Magnesium (Mg) and  Calcium (Ca).

    1. Magnetic (Magnetic (ferrites - -- MgZn based), and 2. Dielectric .. . -- Radar absorbing materials can be classified in two broad categories, either dielectric or magnetic absorbers [1-7]. Dielectric absorbers depend on the ohmic loss of energy. --  Magnetic absorbers depend on the magnetic hysteresis effect, which is obtained when particles like ferrites are filled into a polymeric matrix --. -- RAM are characterized by converting the energy of electromagnetic wave into thermal energy. Such materials are classified in two types, according to their interactions with the electromagnetic wave: materials with dielectric losses, which interact with the wave electric field, and materials with magnetic losses, which interact with the wave magnetic field. -- The results showed a RCS reduction of 55-98% and of 40-95%, when the magnetic and the dielectric panels, were impinged at normal incidence, respectively. The magnetic sheets showed more effective to attenuate the incident radiation that the RAM loaded with conducting polymer in the frequence range of 8-12 GHz.

    Notes:

    An interesting question, I wonder if there are any dolomite layers on the Moon and Mars, to insulate against cosmic rays. Deforestation and climate change may lead to increased volcanic activity and mass extinction.

    In vegetation magnesium is the metallic ion at the center of chlorophyll,   and is thus a common additive to fertilizers. -- (this is linked to a   theory that trees and plant life absorb radiation from the sun,   chlorophyll, photosynthesis, etc., and deforestation leads to increasing  the Earth's core temperature when it absorbs more radiation from the sun, dielectric heating,  and  through climate change, which is similar to the radiation being   reflected back into space by the white ice sheets in the north and south   poles. Increasing the Earth's core temperature is linked to increasing  volcanic activity, which is linked to the 5 mass extinctions in Earth's  history. See Inspired by the Movie 2012, .. (videos))

    Earths magnetic field poles may be shifting because of the Magnesium (Mg) in the oceans.

    Mobbing:

    See the Microwave Radar  Technology Research page for more on the use  of radiation technology and powerful radar to assault citizens with a  cancer causing weapon, lung cancer and leukemia for example, in their  own homes, public places, and court houses too, to discourage a proper  defense when faced with false allegations, and the lawsuits that follow  these. The use of these technologies are linked to repression, organized crime, homelessness, smear campaigns, inflicting a large financial loss or bankrupting citizens through false allegations, the use of non-criminal responsibility before trial to circumvent the right to a trial and charter violation issues, and inflicting deadly forms of cancer on a longer term, which are homicides through cancer.

    Focused ultrasound, the award winning HSS Hypersonic Sound technology and LRAD type of systems that use focused ultrasound to create sound at great distances are another technology reported being used by the mob to target citizens in their own homes during criminal judicial proceedings, to highly sleep deprive targeted citizens, especially before important court appearances. High levels of sleep deprivation drastically increases the risk of cancers. The focused ultrasound technology is linked to other uses such as inflicting dizziness and physical damage, brain lesions, heart attacks and strokes, hidden homicides. The point for this post, the water in the containers with the sea salt or shredded leaves also shields and protects the targeted citizen from focused ultrasound technologies.

    Products With Magnesium:

    Magnesium Alloys (MgZn)

    Magnesium Sulfate, Epsom Salt, (MgSO47H2O).

    Hydrated Magnesium Silicate, (H2Mg3(SiO3)4) or (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2), Talc, Talcum Powder.

    Magnesium Oxide Wallboards (MgO)
    As a construction material, magnesium oxide wallboards have several attractive characteristics: -- The extensive use is due to its high dielectric strength and average thermal conductivity.

     

    Magnesium Chloride (MgCl2)
    Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compounds with the formulas MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x. These salts are typical ionic halides, being highly soluble in water. The hydrated magnesium chloride can be extracted from brine or sea water. -- solutions of magnesium chloride (often called "liquid magnesium chloride") as a de-icer or anti-icer.

     

    Marble (MgCa, dolomitic or dolostone)
    St. Ignace Dolomite that is well exposed in the Mackinac Straits area of Michigan.
    Tennessee marble, which is a coarsely crystalline (recrystallized!) dolostone.
    Caymanite - trade name for an orangy dolostone from the Cayman Islands.
    Kona Dolomite - a dolostone from Marquette County, Michigan
    Mariposite - a quartz-bearing dolomitic marble, mottled with chromium-rich muscovite, that crops out sporadically in the Sierra Nevada.
    Taraspite - a dolomitic marble, typically mottled, from Switzerland.
    Zebra marble - trade name for a black and white dolomitic rock from Australia.
    White dolomitic marble occurs in Dutchess County, New York.

    Dolomite Supplements, Calcium Magnesium Carbonate (CaMg(CO3)2) Supplements, Magnesium Carbonate Supplements (MgCO3).

    News Flash

    Radar Attenuation, Calcium CaCO3 and Magnesium MgCO3 Carbonates - (news flash)

     

    Marble, Limestone, and Travertine tiles (stones) are all different types of Calcium carbonate that attenuate powerful radar. Different types like Dolomite, Marble (dolomite) CaMg(CO3), Serpentine that contains Magnesium Mg, and Pewter that contains Tin Sn may increase this attenuation factor. A cheap source of radar attenuation is Green Foliage (leaves) in bottles with water, radar attenuation term is "wet foliage", these contain Magnesium Mg and Carbon C, the Chlorophyll.

     

    In some regimes they are using powerful radar to target citizens from neighboring homes, public places, and court house too.

    News Flash

    The Police, "Secret Police", and mob in modern wealthy countries are linked to the use of technology to inflict physical damage on targeted citizens and for repressing targeted citizens through serious illness, deadly cancers. The powerful radar assaults and radiation technology focus on the shin bone linked to inflicting bone marrow damage and leukemia; the lungs area linked to inflaming the lungs, irritating the lungs, scaring the lungs, and damaging the lungs to inflict lung cancer; on the testicles to damage the testicles and destroy testosterone production; from neighboring homes, public places, and the Court House, which I believes to be linked to a criminal harassment network.

     

    The powerful radar assaults on a man's testicles linked to degrading themes, destroying testosterone production, and fertility is linked to damaged sperm and mutations, which may be linked to the rise in birth defects and children with autism.

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