- Posted February 4, 2013 by
This iReport is part of an assignment:
Italian Elections 2013: Fame di sapere (hunger for knowledge)
- sarahbrowngb, CNN iReport producer
Elections in Italy are always a sore point. If elections mean for some countries joining together to win and change the country, in Italy it is to divide once again and bring our country to the edge of bankruptcy and failure.
We are not a bipartite country, we have a cluster of parties, around 30, each representing a well-defined section of the population. The initial problem is this: there isn't a party able to rapresent more then one social and economic class at the same time.
From the economic point of view, most of the political class are focuses more on the "European" issues than the domestic economy and the people. This is because one of the basic points of our country are the media, newspapers, both Italian and foreign, have their eyes on what are our moves, not to mention the serious image problems that the nation has against the world. Italy is always been a slakers-country, trouble of himself. Politically as well as socially we move precisely in terms of what the media say about us, constantly trying to keep up appearances.
We can divide the Italian economy in three main strands, the first one of the big companies that export, even if they have large financial resources and are able to survive, they have however the downside in sales, or have made different choices to cut costs such example invest or produce abroad (Fiat, Benetton, etc.).
The business sector in real crisis is about small and medium-sized enterprises, taxes beyond measures, last year we had a very high rate of suicides of business owners, who could not pay their employees. These companies are the engine of our country, and it's an engine that is dying, too many taxes or as in many cases, the lack of payment of one of the main customers of these companies, that is in the most of cases the State itself who commissions work to these little companies, then after does not pay them.
The third line are salaries, to find the first problem in wages we must return to 2000, the change from the lira to the euro has created the first problem, the conversion has created more poor than rich people, this is because the contracts were made with real exchange rate between the lira and the euro, the purchasing power parity is with 1000 lire equivalent to a 1 euro (ie half) so the wages have been halved in the real, with the money that we took before we could buy twice. We can consider the increases, taxes and the global economy, but the fact is that at the root of all there are the really old contracts not standardized with the actual current value of the euro in our market, and for our market i mean precisely the market in which people go to buy.
These three strands, just like people, do not find in politicians an array that can effectively represent the situation in its entirety.
We are a divided people, we are not patriotic towards our country. We Get out the flags only in times probably less appropriate, we are not faithful to an unit identity , but only in the various regional identities. Our weaknesses are the effect that the media have on us and on our politicians, but not only, other people think that Pope ( Vatican City) is an other weakness , certainly he influenced some state choices in the past, today less active on this front, but still very present in the social environment ( gay marriage, assisted procreation, relationships without marriage). But for others, Vatican City is another sore point of our economy, when Vatican City takes a lot of money, but on the contrary in taxes it owes nothing to the Italian state.
The most important issue for me is the age, the young people emerge from universities on average between 26-28 years old, and so far they have not learned anything other than just be a student (in our culture, have taught us: or study or work) and then most of them still live with their parents, do not have work attitude, but on the contrary, many are able to have a lot of demands from the world (an Italian politician called these young people too "choosy" unleashing the anger of young people themselves).
They keep us in the universities for years, who then goes on in academic world, comes out at 35-37 years old with no possibility of escape.
On the other hand, we have instead a adult class between 50-60 years old, who does not want to give any opportunity for young people, probably because they know, they are thirties and they aren't able to do anything, but this class of old obsolete people does not want to leave the place to the young to try to see and experience new ways.
This problem does not strike me really, I'm more like a spectator, perhaps the awareness of this problem has helped me, during college I worked, but not to keep me in my studies, I sought work that they were tourned to the future, that could give material and experience for what I wanted to do and I'm doing. This means that yes, in the past I worked for free or for very little money, but today now I'm the anomaly that is: 28 years old, college graduate, I have a Curriculum with nearly 8 years of experience in my field that is of cultural heritage, that living with my boyfriend for 8 years, both with contract work in the field in which we have studied, and we are anomalies.
In the current economy, young people issue is one of the primary problems, unemployment in this segment of the population is very high, but it is above all, the future that frightens many young people, they prefer to return home after college and looking for safe work at a relative, try to ensure a stable future, because this is the culture of our country, to work for the pension, and not the personal attitude towards something, a passion for something that's worth the risk, it is easier to go back than to go forward. But it is our cross, we are the people par excellence who decides to always choose the easy way.