- Posted February 17, 2013 by
Kosovo is celebrating her 5th anniversary of Independence
Thousand of people are seen into Prishtina capital city of Kosovo celebrating the 5th anniversary of Independence, and looking Kosovo Security Forces – KSF while they march into two main squares of Prishtina “Mother Teresa” and “Zahir Pajaziti”
On this day, 5 years ago, Kosovo became a unilaterally declared independent state. Since the declaration of Kosovo independence, almost 98 UN member states have recognized the youngest European country.
The region was the center of the Serbian Empire until it fell under the rule of the Ottoman Empire as a result of the Battle of Kosovo in 1389. It was not until 1913 that the Serbs regained control of Kosovo.
Region of Kosovo, then became a part of the Democratic Federal of Yugoslavia. The issue of independence began gaining importance in Kosovo after the Cold War. As a result of the Serbs’ ethnic cleansing campaign, Kosovo went under the interim administration of the United Nations until February 18, 2008.
The landlocked country of 2 million people, mostly ethnic Albanians, is among the poorest in Europe, swallowing 4 billion Euros in aid since the war with Belgrade ended in 1999.
Country born five years ago is not changing even steps. Consequently, slower rates have followed the journey of Kosovo in this half decade, when it was declared independent.
Constitutional authority is not extended to the entire territory. Even in the part where authority is consolidated, the level of corruption and organized crime is to boil. Is the highest in the region, which consequently has been the isolation of citizens, making the only ones in Europe who can not travel without visas in the Schengen Area.
Even though it has the support of the United States and the European Union that Russia and China have not recognized Kosovo is by depriving it of its acceptance in many important international organizations sidmos on its way to membership in the UN!
Kosovo has neither the status of the state in relation to the most important international mechanisms. There is a seat on the United Nations Organization, but there are no members in the Council of Europe.
There is no code of its telephone banking does not have its code there is no code on the Internet.
Athletes may not represent Kosovo at the Olympics or at a European level championships in the world
Despite its rich mineral resources, the main source of income is agriculture. Kosovo has an ethnic Albanian population of two million. Due to Serbs leaving Kosovo after 1999, there are only 100 thousand Serbs left.
The Serbian minority lives in closed regions under the administration of the NATO Peacekeeping forces.
Around 65 percent of the population is under 30 but many of them seek to leave Kosovo for Western Europe, mostly by paying 2,000-3,000 Euros to human traffickers.
On its 5th anniversary, a modest celebration included a parade by Kosovo Security Force (KSF) units along the main Pristina ‘Mother Teresa” and “Zahir Pajaziti” square.
Under the regime of former Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, Belgrade in 1990 put an end to decades of broad autonomy for Kosovo Albanians and introduced direct rule in the province, where minority Serbs led all institutions.
Calls for renewal of autonomy by ethnic Albanians were rejected. This led to armed rebellion by Kosovo Albanian groups, followed by stern Serbian repression in 1998 and 1999. The international response came by way of 11 weeks of NATO bombing of Serbian installations.
The war in Kosovo erupted in 1998 when Serbia launched a brutal crackdown against the Albanian civilians, as well as people fighting for liberation of their country from Serbia.
The UN administration was introduced after 11 weeks of NATO bombardment of Serbia due to Belgrade’s repression against two million Kosovo Albanians.
Kosovo, is the state, which is the last to emerge from the remains of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. However Russia, Serbia’s old-time ally, has blocked a United Nations Security Council resolution on the country’s independence and emergence as a free state.