- Posted February 25, 2013 by
Ibn Al-Nafis:The first to describe the Pulmonary Circulation of the Blood.
He was born in 1213 in Damascus. He attended the Medical College Hospital (Bimaristan Al-Noori) in Damascus. Apart from medicine, Ibn al-Nafis learned Jurisprudence, Literature and He became an expert on the Shafi'i school of Jurisprudence and an expert Physician
, Al-Nafis moved to Egypt. He worked at the Al-Nassri Hospital, and subsequently at the Al-Mansouri Hospital, where he became chief of physicians and the Sultan's personal physician. When he died in 1288, he donated his house, library and clinic to the Mansuriya Hospital.
The most voluminous of his books is Al-Shamil fi al-Tibb, which was planned to be an encyclopedia comprising 300 volumes, but was not completed as a result of his death. The manuscript is available in Damascus.His book on Ophthalmology is largely an original contribution. His most famous book is The Summary of Law (Mujaz al-Qanun). Another famous book, embodying his original contribution, was on the effects of diet on health, entitled Kitab al-Mukhtar fi al-Aghdhiya.His Al-Risalah al-Kamiliyyah fil Siera al-Nabawiyyah, translated in the West under the title Theologus Autodidactus has been argued to be both the first theological novel and the first science fiction novel.He also wrote a number of commentaries on the topics of law and medicine. His commentaries include one on Hipocrates' book, and several volumes on Ibn Sina's The Cannon of Medicine Additionally, he wrote a commentary on Ibn Hunayn Ishaq's book.
This great muslim scholar was died on17 December 1288 (aged 74–75) Cairo.