- Posted March 17, 2013 by
Thailand - Human Development Data Highlights
“This Report shows Thailand’s great achievements. It underscores the fact that Thailand can lead by example in the region and, at the same time, it highlights the challenges and opportunities for the years to come. UNDP and the United Nations Country Team stand ready to help the Royal Thai Government further its human development initiatives,” said Luc Stevens, UNDP Resident Representative and UN Resident Coordinator in Thailand.
• Thailand ranks 103rd (0.690) on the 2013 Human Development Index, up 1 place from 2012. Since 1980 (0.490), Thailand’s HDI has consistently increased.
• When adjusted for inequality Thailand’s HDI falls to 0.543, a loss of 21.3 per cent.
• By 2025, 14% of Thailand’s population will be age 65 or older.
• The Asia-Pacfic region’s average life expectancy at birth is 72.7 years (second to Latin America and the Caribbean; and more than 2.5 years higher than the world average of 70.1 years. Thailand has a life expectancy of 74.3 years.
• The region’s average mean years of schooling of 7.2 years places it behind Europe and Central Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean. Thailand has an average of 6.6 mean years of schooling.
• The Asia-Pacific average gross national income per capita of $6,874 (PPP$ constant 2005 international) is a little over two-thirds the world average of $10,184. Thailand has a GNI per capita of $7,722.
• The average Gender Inequality Index value for the region is 0.333 - placing it second to Europe and Central Asia. Thailand’s ranking is 0.360. Women just represent 15.7 per cent of Thailand’s Parliament.
• On overall life satisfaction based on the Gallup World Poll, the people of Thailand are the most satisfied in the region - 6.7 (on the scale from 0 to 10), followed by Malaysia and Vietnam.
Thailand makes UNDP’s list of “high achievers” in East Asia - a group that includes China, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The rapid human development progress of Thailand and Asia-Pacific nations are helping drive a historic shift, with hundreds of millions of people lifted from poverty and billions poised to join the South’s fast-growing middle class, according to the 2013 Human Development Report, which was launched by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on March 14 in Mexico City.
The 2013 Human Development Report - The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World - analyses more than 40 developing countries that have made striking human development gains in recent years.
The Report notes that Thailand’s success holds lessons for less developed economies, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Thailand has also become a job creation powerhouse, creating millions of stable jobs in non-manufacturing sectors such as retail, hospitality and construction, as well as in commercial farming.
The Report attributes nations' achievements to strong national commitments to better public health and education services, innovative poverty eradication programs and strategic engagement with the world economy.