Davao Oriental is one of poorest provinces
By Ben O. Tesiorna
The typhoon-ravaged province of Davao Oriental has consistently been included in the top poorest provinces in the Philippines since 2006, according to the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).
Other provinces topping the list with highest poverty incidence among families consistently in the 1st semesters of 2006, 2009, and 2012 are Apayao, Masbate, Northern Samar, Sultan Kudarat, and Zamboanga del Norte.
In 2006, Davao Oriental's poverty incidence is 41.8. This increased to 47.6 in 2009 and 48.0 in the 1st semester of 2012.
Lanao del Sur has the highest poverty incidence in 2012 with 68.9%, followed by Apayao with 59.8%, Eastern Samar with 59.4%, Maguindanao 57.8%, Zamboanga del Norte 50.3%, Davao Oriental 48%, Ifugao 47.5%, Sarangani 46.5%.
Completing the list of poorest provinces are Negros Oriental, Bukidnon, Cotabao City, Lanao del Norte, Masbate, North Cotabato, Northern Samar and Sultan Kudarat.
"New entrants in the bottom cluster of provinces in the 1st semester of 2012 are Bukidnon, Cotabato City, Ifugao, Lanao del Norte, and North Cotabato," the NSCB report stated.
The NSCB stated that a family of five will need around PhP 5,460 monthly income to buy their minimum basic food needs; and around PhP 7,820 monthly for their minimum basic food and nonfood needs.
This represents an increase of about 11 percent for both the food and poverty thresholds from the 1st semester of 2009 and 1st half of 2012. Such increases represent inflation adjustments.
In the same period in 2012, the proportion of Filipino families in extreme poverty whose incomes are not sufficient to meet subsistence or basic food needs stands at 10 percent. This figure is unchanged from the corresponding 1st semesters of 2006 and 2009.
In terms of the poverty incidence, 22 out of 100 families were estimated to be poor in the 1st semester of 2012. This figure is also practically unchanged from the 1st half of 2006 and 1st semester 2009.
As regards subsistence incidence among population, about 13 in 100 Filipinos lived in extreme poverty in the first half of 2012. This estimate has remained unchanged from similar periods of 2006 and 2009.
In terms of poverty incidence among the population, 28 out of 100 Pinoys were living in poverty in the first semester of 2012. This estimated figure of 27.9 percent is practically unchanged from the 1st semester figures in 2006 and 2009.